Immigration E. Hamilton January 2007
I. Outline Getting the Literature Useful databases (PAIS, ECONLIT, CBCA, Quest) Search engine tips Governmental Studies and Reports Identify who is responsible and who cares Searching (site-specific and Google) Statistics Statistics Canada: The Daily, Online Catalogue, ESTAT Surveys and Data files Other: Google Scholar & E-books; Document Delivery; Current Awareness
I. Getting the Literature Try these databases: PAIS: Public Affairs Information Service EconLit: Economic Literature CBCA: Canadian Business and Current Affairs Business Source Premier Plus cognate databases
Searching exercise • www.lib.unb.ca/ • E-resourcesYour Database • Search for references you could use from your assigned database for Canadian immigration statistics • Findings?
Indexes/Abstracts Tips • “As is” searches are fine to start; use results to refine strategy • Learn to use one database very well; those skills can be transferred to other databases • Use vocabulary (migration/immigration); use what you know already • Pay attention to useful delimiters (e.g. peer-reviewed)
Bells and Whistles ((Immigration OR Migration) AND Canad* AND (Statistics OR data) ) NOT Refugee • Try Boolean searches and search conventions • Combine search sets • Export to RefWorks; find scholars & web sites • Link to full text; e-mail to your own account • Find articles which cite popular articles or writers
II. Governmental Reports/Studies • Who is responsible? • Who cares?
Who is Responsible? • Citizenship and Immigration Canada • Parliament • Dept. of Foreign Affairs • Immigration and Refugee Board • Dept. of Justice • Privy Council • Policy Research Initiative • Health Canada … and more
Who Cares? • Academic Researchers • Multicultural associations • Business communities • Professional associations (e.g. nurses, social workers, teachers) • And much more! Search for their publications in Quest and online Use their web sites (and your critical skills)
Searching Strategies • Use the government site structure and tools http://canada.gc.ca • Look for accountability documents and for words like research / policy / publications / statistics / reports • Use Advanced searching for domain searching
Searching Strategies • Use the site design • Look for accountability documents and for words like research / policy / publications / statistics / reports Refugee Policy .cic.gc.ca
III. Focus on Stats Canada • They are an extremely large and diverse agency, producing millions of statistics annually for a very broad audience • The effect of this is that finding particular statistics can be a challenge
DLI (Licensed) Social survey (not administrative) data files, aggregate stats Web (Free) Articles, pubs, aggregate stats at national level DSP (Public) Articles, pubs, aggregate stats at national, provincial level Sources of Statistics • Special Surveys • Census • Administrative databases
Immigration Statistics • Census of Population • Ethnic Diversity Survey (EDS) • Longitudinal Immigration Database (IMDB) • The Longitudinal Administrative Databank (LAD) & IMDB • Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada (LSIC) • Other household surveys
Statistics Canada Tips • Use Library Web Connection • www.lib.unb.ca/gddm/govdocs/docs_links.html • Use Advanced Search • Use The Daily • Become familiar with the Census
Use Advanced Search Advanced Search
When to use The Daily • Official newspaper of Statistics Canada and point of first release notification • Articles are concise and contain links to the survey as well as related materials or CANSIM tables • Not ideal for complex issues or for detailed statistics.
A Word on Census Statistics • Long history of questions on: • place of birth • citizenship • year of immigration • In 2001, questions added on birthplace of parents, religion and language of work
Who Fills Out The Census Form? Representative Household (1 in five or 20% sample) All households (100% census) 7 questions 7 + 52 = 59 questions
What Questions Are Asked? • Name • Sex • Date of Birth • Marital Status • Common-law Status • Relationship to person 1 • First language learned in childhood
And…? But Not… • Place of Birth • Immigrant Status • Unpaid Work • Aboriginal identity • Schooling • Occupation • Income • Religion • Pet ownership • Number of cars • Sexual orientation • Favourite foods
Summary • Use the databases (PAIS, ECONLIT, CBCA, Quest, etc.) • To find information providers, identify who is responsible--and who cares about issue • For Canadian statistics, use Statistics Canada The Daily, Advanced Search, Census • There are always more sources…Ask if you are spending too much time searching!