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Spanish Exploration

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  1. Spanish Exploration In the New World

  2. Reasons for Exploration • Europeans were looking for a faster passage to Asia • Columbus thought he found one but found a new world instead

  3. Reasons for Exploration • Gold • God • Glory

  4. Successes • Found some gold and silver in South America • Columbian Exchange • New crops were sent to Europe • Corn and Potatoes

  5. Successes • St. Augustine • First permanent colony in N. America • Built to be a defensive fort in Florida • Fort was headed by Pedro Menendez

  6. Failures • Spanish explorers did not find the wealth they’d hoped for in N. America • Ponce de Leon did not find the Fountain of Youth or establish a permanent colony in La Florida

  7. Failures • Hernando de Soto’s army died of starvation and disease • Missions on the Barrier Island were not successful

  8. Impact on Native Americans • Spanish gave them • Horses • Sheep • Guns • New farming tools and methods

  9. Impact on Native Americans • Declared war on the Native Americans • Enslaved them • Converted some to Catholicism

  10. Impact on Native Americans • Germs (wiped out 90 % of Native Americans they encountered) • Smallpox • Influenza • Measles • Whooping cough