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An Expanding Universe

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  1. An Expanding Universe Redshift, Blueshift and the Doppler Effect

  2. EMS Review • The shorter the wavelength, the higher the frequency • The longer the wavelength, the lower the frequency • Red wavelengths of light are longer than blue wavelengths of light • Star composition can be determined by the spectrum of the gases present

  3. Doppler Waves • As an object moves away from you, the waves spread out. Wavelength gets longer and frequency decreases. • When dealing with light waves, we say that the object has red-shifted because the waves move towards the red end of the spectrum

  4. Doppler Waves • As an object moves towards you, the waves bunch up. Wavelength gets shorter and frequency increases • We say that the object has blue-shifted because the waves move towards the blue end of the spectrum.

  5. How can we tell that the universe is expanding? As an object moves away from you, the object’s spectrum of gases shifts to the red side of the spectrum

  6. Shifting Spectrums

  7. Which galaxy or planet is moving at the same speed as the nearby star?

  8. What galaxies or planets are moving toward the nearby star?

  9. What galaxies or planets are moving away the nearby star?

  10. Is the Andromeda galaxy red or blue shifted?

  11. Which galaxy or planet is moving fastest away from the nearby star?

  12. Which galaxy or planet is moving the slowest away from the nearby star?