The great migration
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The Great Migration. 1910-1940. Moving North. Push factors. Pull factors. Newspaper articles No Jim Crow Laws Better jobs. Harsh Jim Crow laws Agricultural disasters Poor economic opportunities. White southern reaction . Northern job recruiters had to obtain licenses

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Presentation Transcript

Moving north
Moving North

Push factors

Pull factors

Newspaper articles

No Jim Crow Laws

Better jobs

  • Harsh Jim Crow laws

  • Agricultural disasters

  • Poor economic opportunities


White southern reaction
White southern reaction

  • Northern job recruiters had to obtain licenses

  • Job recruiters were banned from some counties


Migration destinations
Migration destinations

  • Some moved to Florida

  • Virginia, NC and SC moved to Washington DC, Philadelphia and NY

  • Georgia, Alabama, MS. Moved to Pittsburg, Cleveland and Detroit

  • Louisiana and Arkansas moved to Chicago


Ghettoes
“Ghettoes”

  • Originates from WWII Jewish containment settlements

  • Overcrowded living conditions, high crime rates, low income neighborhoods


Migration from west indies
Migration from West Indies

  • Language barriers

  • Religious differences

  • Cultural differences


Northern laws
Northern Laws

  • Forbade segregated public facilities

  • Forbade segregated schools

  • Discrimination still existed-”defacto segregation”


Chicago difficulties
Chicago difficulties

  • Competition for jobs (kept wages low)

  • Competition for housing (kept rent high)

  • Led to violence between races over housing and jobs


Harlem
Harlem

  • Began as a white community

  • Became predominantly black because whites were willing to sell or rent to blacks

  • Apartments and houses were subdivided

  • Negro capital because of black owned business and newspapers


Family problems caused by migration
Family Problems caused by Migration

  • Split up families

  • Led to over crowded living conditions

  • Black women were confined to domestic jobs:

    Maids, janitorial work, nannies