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The Great Migration

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  1. The Great Migration 1910-1940

  2. Moving North Push factors Pull factors Newspaper articles No Jim Crow Laws Better jobs • Harsh Jim Crow laws • Agricultural disasters • Poor economic opportunities

  3. White southern reaction • Northern job recruiters had to obtain licenses • Job recruiters were banned from some counties

  4. Migration destinations • Some moved to Florida • Virginia, NC and SC moved to Washington DC, Philadelphia and NY • Georgia, Alabama, MS. Moved to Pittsburg, Cleveland and Detroit • Louisiana and Arkansas moved to Chicago

  5. “Ghettoes” • Originates from WWII Jewish containment settlements • Overcrowded living conditions, high crime rates, low income neighborhoods

  6. Migration from West Indies • Language barriers • Religious differences • Cultural differences

  7. Northern Laws • Forbade segregated public facilities • Forbade segregated schools • Discrimination still existed-”defacto segregation”

  8. Chicago difficulties • Competition for jobs (kept wages low) • Competition for housing (kept rent high) • Led to violence between races over housing and jobs

  9. Harlem • Began as a white community • Became predominantly black because whites were willing to sell or rent to blacks • Apartments and houses were subdivided • Negro capital because of black owned business and newspapers

  10. Family Problems caused by Migration • Split up families • Led to over crowded living conditions • Black women were confined to domestic jobs: Maids, janitorial work, nannies