History – Protests and Social Movements - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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History – Protests and Social Movements

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  1. History – Protests and Social Movements Dr Maurice Mullard Lecture 9 24 April 2009

  2. What Impact the G20 protests • How do we evaluate protests social movements and their influence on policy makers? • Anti War Movement – War in Iraq – 2 million protested but UK still went to war • What images of the G20 protests how did the media image the protests? • Anti Globalisation protests Seattle Genoa • No alternative but to protest making a change

  3. Resistance to Soviet Union • Red Army in Europe 1948 Berlin Blockade – The Wall in Eastern Europe symbols of what • Freedom Expression Arts theatre books • Havel Kundera HrabalSolzetheyn • Resistance to Communist Regimes – Hungary Uprisings 1956, Czechoslovakia 1968 – Budapest School attempt to create Socialism with Human Face • Worry about passivity complicit with living the lie YanPalakWenscelas Square • Freedom of Expression Freedom of thought

  4. Protest and Resistance to Empire • India Independence 1948 – role of Ghandi passive resistance Amritsar massacre 1919 important symbol • African Independence and social movements replacing the Empire countries remained within boundaries declared by Imperial legacies tribes histories and conflicts • Nasser in Egypt • French Algiers • Nationalist Movements for Independence • South Africa Apartheid important in the war against communism also Angola Mozambique

  5. Power Blocks and the Cold War • Divisions into regions of influence • US and South America • Undermining Democratic regimes as potential communist threats Allende Chile Military Regimes in Argentina • Iran and the Shah

  6. Break Up of Soviet Union Threats and Opportunities • Promise of a Peace Dividend – world less threatening • Emerging countries Break of Yugoslavia and ethnic cleanings revisit of old histories new regimes • US sole world Power American Century

  7. Hopes and Sceptics • Reading of History – human history both optimism and pessimism what is the nature of humanity • Fin de secle writings • Assessing millenniums • Authors on 19th Century celebrate peace science tolerance then outbreak Great War 1914 • Authors end of 2000 world of extremes War Holocausts

  8. European Histories • Importance of Religion and Protestant resistance to Catholicism Martin Luther Jan Huss • Protestantism in the UK translations of the bible • Break with monopoly of the church religion more democratic • Compare with Islam Arabic language • Church Militant in Europe Charles Bridge in Prague • Jewish safe heavens the ghettoes

  9. What do these histories tell us • Perennial struggles for freedom of expression • Need to govern ourselves even if we do it badly • Securing human rights for some denying rights to others • Military Power is limited • Resistance not always mean progress