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Antigone. The Hero & Hubris. I. What is a Hero ?. One who captures the essence of the ideal individual of a nation A brave and noble character, admired for great achievements or affected by grand events. II. What are the qualities of a Hero ?. Very intelligent

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antigone

Antigone

The Hero & Hubris

i what is a hero
I. What is a Hero?

One who captures the essence of the ideal individual of a nation

A brave and noble character, admired for great achievements or affected by grand events

ii what are the qualities of a hero
II. What are the qualities of a Hero?
  • Very intelligent
  • Experiences a wide range of emotions
  • Faces and makes complex and difficult decisions
  • Strives for arête
  • Goal is to achieve kleos
  • Receives supernatural help
  • Public approval is crucial to self-esteem
  • Has super human strength
iii what is ar te air a tay
III. What is arête (air-a-tay)
  • Strength, skill, courage, determination
  • Athletic field and battlefield
  • Courage
  • Moral responsibility
iv greek view of a hero
IV. Greek view of a Hero
  • Valued for his strength and skill, courage and determination
  • Achieves glory and honor during lifetime
  • Remembered after his death for the above attributes (immortality)
  • Lasting fame places the hero lower than the gods but higher than the ordinary man
v why do we study the hero
V. Why do we study the Hero?
  • Allows us to learn about our own attitudes
  • Allows us to gain insights into our own goals
  • Enables us to find the qualities of a hero in ourselves
hubris
Hubris
  • Defined as excessive or fatal pride.
  • Hubris often serves as a flaw for the hero, hindering him from achieving his goals.
  • Loss of contact with reality and an overestimation of one's own competence, accomplishments or capabilities, especially when the person exhibiting it is in a position of power.
tragic hero heroine
Tragic Hero / Heroine
  • Aristotle says:
    • hero of a tragedy must evoke in the audience a sense of pity or fear
    • “the change of fortune presented must not be the spectacle of a virtuous man brought from prosperity to adversity."
  • The hero must be virtuous
  • Pity: person receives undeserved misfortune and fear comes when the misfortune befalls a man like us
tragic hero heroine continued
Tragic Hero / Heroine (continued)
  • Misfortune is brought about by:
    • Misfortune
    • Weakness
  • The hero is NOT entirely good
  • INSTEAD the hero commits an injury or a great wrong leading to his misfortune
  • Must be one who is highly renowned and prosperous
modern day hubris
Modern Day Hubris
  • In its modern usage, hubris denotes overconfident pride and arrogance; it is often associated with a lack of humility.
  • An accusation of hubris often implies that suffering or punishment will follow, similar to the occasional pairing of hubris and nemesis in the Greek world.
  • The proverb "pride goes before a fall" is thought to sum up the modern definition of hubris.
homework due wednesday
HOMEWORKDue Wednesday

Definitions and Choosing the Right Word – UNIT 1

Find a modern example of HUBRIS