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Antigone Antigone. by Sophocles by Sophocles. Ancient Greece 477-431 B.C. Known as the Golden Age of Athens. Athens was a Greek City-State. Developed democracy All male citizens could vote All men were expected to serve in the army. Athens’ Golden Age. Arts and ideas

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antigone antigone


by Sophocles

by Sophocles

ancient greece 477 431 b c
Ancient Greece 477-431 B.C.
  • Known as the Golden Age of Athens
athens was a greek city state
Athens was a Greek City-State
  • Developed democracy
  • All male citizens could vote
  • All men were expected to serve in the army
athens golden age
Athens’ Golden Age
  • Arts and ideas
  • Three great tragedians
    • Aechylus
    • Sophocles
    • Euripedes
golden age ended
Golden Age Ended
  • Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta
    • 27 years
    • Athens defeated
  • A plague killed a third of population
effect on us
Effect on us…
  • Democracy
  • Comedy
  • Tragedy
  • Sculptures
  • Buildings
greek theater
Greek Theater
  • Celebrations
  • Festivals to honor their gods
    • Contests between playwrights
  • Plays from well-known myths
    • Exposed arrogance
    • Emphasized reverence
the beginning of theater
The Beginning of Theater
  • A chorus would dance and sing songs in praise of the god
  • They wore masks representing mythical forest spirits
  • An actor would reply to the chorus
further development
Further development
  • Role of the chorus
    • Interpreted the meaning of the plays
    • Divided the scenes
  • More actors were added later
    • Masks were used to distinguish characters
  • Outdoors
  • Seats rose in a semicircle from a level orchestra area
  • Violence/irreverence depicted offstage
  • No curtains
  • One of the most respected Greek dramatists of his time
  • An Athenian citizen
  • Born in Colonus, a village near Athens
  • His family was wealthy
  • His education include music, dancing and gymnastics
  • Wrote more than 120 plays
    • Only seven have survived
  • 468B.C. won first prize in contest
  • Antigone first produced in 440B.C.
  • Was a general of the army
  • Died at 90 years old in 405B.C.
the oedipus myth
The Oedipus Myth
  • Composed of three tragedies about the royal family of Thebes
    • Oedipus the King
    • Oedipus at Colonus
    • Antigone
synopsis of theban plays
Synopsis of Theban plays
  • Abandoned
  • Raised by peasants
  • Leaves home
  • Kills a man
  • Becomes hero
  • Marries a widow, Iocaste
  • Plague falls on city of Thebes
  • Oedipus learns his true identity
  • Iocaste kills herself
  • Oedipus blinds himself
  • His sons fight each other in a civil war for control of Thebes
  • They kill each other
  • Creon, Iocaste’s brother takes control of city
  • Antigone goes with Oedipus into exile
  • Oedipus dies
  • Antigone returns to Thebes
antigone begins
Antigone begins…
  • The war is over
  • Creon has decreed that no one give Polyneices a proper burial
  • If disobeyed they will be sentenced to death…
Protagonist – the main character in a literary work; the center of the action (Antigone)
  • Antagonist – the character in conflict with the protagonist (Creon)
  • Character’s decision – often the act that drives the plot forward
as you read
As you read…

Think about the decisions made by all the characters in this story. See how the refusal to change bad decisions leads to tragic consequences.