Teddy Roosevelt’s Square Deal SWBAT: identify Teddy Roosevelt and the reforms he made that contributed to the Progressive Era. Homework: Study for vocab quiz Thursday Do Now: Read the excerpt from Upton Sinclair’s “The Jungle” and answer the following questions: How did the passage make you feel? What affect might something like this have had on people at the time?
Muckraking • Tradition of investigative reporting uncovering corruption and serious problems. • Way of enlightening the public and politicians. • Muckrakers discoveries led to big changes by Teddy Roosevelt to help make industries cleaner, fairer, and safer. Upton Sinclair, The Jungle
Who is Teddy Roosevelt? • Was William McKinley’s vice president until McKinley was assassinated. • Saw the presidency as a “bully pulpit” and sought to influence the media and shape legislation. • Enacted various progressive reforms known as the Square Deal.
Reforms • Trustbusting • 1902 Coal Strike • Regulating Food and Drugs • False Advertising/Impure Medicine and Food • Conservation
Trustbusting • Is created when one company buys/merges with multiple other companies creating a monopoly. • Why is this a problem? • Solution: Cracked down on monopolies, forcing some to break up.
1902 Coal Strike • 140,000 coal workers strike demanding 20% raise, 9 hour work day, and the right to unionize. Mine operators refuse to listen. • Why is this a problem? • Solution: Forced the 2 groups to sit down and work out their differences.
Regulating Food and Drugs • Up until 1906, there were no rules regulating cleanliness in the food industry. • Why would this be a problem? • Solution: Meat Inspection Act: dictated cleanliness requirements and inspections.
False Advertising/Impure Medicine and Food • Before regulations, food and drug companies could advertise anything in regards to their products • i.e. cure cancer, regrow hair, etc. • Could also put anything they wanted in their products • i.e. children’s medicine often contained opium, cocaine, or alcohol. • Why might this be a problem? • Solution: Pure Food and Drug Act: forbid selling of contaminated products and forced truthful labels.
Conservation • In the early 1900s, pioneer farmers leveled forests, plowed up prairies, and allowed cattle to overgraze. Lumber companies cut down trees. Cities dumped their waste wherever they wanted. • Why is this a problem? • Solution: Conservation: setting aside areas of land for natural use.
Crater Lake, Oregon Mesa Verde, Colorado El Moro, New Mexico Devils Tower, Wyoming
Where Teddy isn’t too Progressive • Racist upbringing- Roosevelt’s mother was a southern belle in favor of slavery. • Failed to promote equality between whites and blacks. • Did invite Booker T. Washington to the White House for dinner. • Because Roosevelt fails to help African Americans, African Americans formed the NAACP. • Wanted to create equality among the races Booker T. Washington
Exit Activity • What does Roosevelt’s lack of reforms in regards to civil rights suggest about the goals of the Progressive Era?
Vocab Review • Progressive Movement • Florence Kelley • Muckraker • Suffrage • Square Deal • The Jungle • William Howard Taft • Federal Reserve System • Federal Trade Commission • Nineteenth Amendment