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Teddy Roosevelt’s Square Deal. SWBAT: identify Teddy Roosevelt and the reforms he made that contributed to the Progressive Era. Homework: Study for vocab quiz Thursday Do Now: Read the excerpt from Upton Sinclair’s “The Jungle” and answer the following questions:

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teddy roosevelt s square deal

Teddy Roosevelt’s Square Deal

SWBAT: identify Teddy Roosevelt and the reforms he made that contributed to the Progressive Era.

Homework: Study for vocab quiz Thursday

Do Now: Read the excerpt from Upton Sinclair’s “The Jungle” and answer the following questions:

How did the passage make you feel?

What affect might something like this have had on people at the time?

muckraking
Muckraking
  • Tradition of investigative reporting uncovering corruption and serious problems.
  • Way of enlightening the public and politicians.
  • Muckrakers discoveries led to big changes by Teddy Roosevelt to help make industries cleaner, fairer, and safer.

Upton Sinclair, The Jungle

who is teddy roosevelt
Who is Teddy Roosevelt?
  • Was William McKinley’s vice president until McKinley was assassinated.
  • Saw the presidency as a “bully pulpit” and sought to influence the media and shape legislation.
  • Enacted various progressive reforms known as the Square Deal.
reforms
Reforms
  • Trustbusting
  • 1902 Coal Strike
  • Regulating Food and Drugs
  • False Advertising/Impure Medicine and Food
  • Conservation
trustbusting
Trustbusting
  • Is created when one company buys/merges with multiple other companies creating a monopoly.
  • Why is this a problem?
  • Solution: Cracked down on monopolies, forcing some to break up.
1902 coal strike
1902 Coal Strike
  • 140,000 coal workers strike demanding 20% raise, 9 hour work day, and the right to unionize. Mine operators refuse to listen.
  • Why is this a problem?
  • Solution: Forced the 2 groups to sit down and work out their differences.
regulating food and drugs
Regulating Food and Drugs
  • Up until 1906, there were no rules regulating cleanliness in the food industry.
  • Why would this be a problem?
  • Solution: Meat Inspection Act: dictated cleanliness requirements and inspections.
false advertising impure medicine and food
False Advertising/Impure Medicine and Food
  • Before regulations, food and drug companies could advertise anything in regards to their products
    • i.e. cure cancer, regrow hair, etc.
  • Could also put anything they wanted in their products
    • i.e. children’s medicine often contained opium, cocaine, or alcohol.
  • Why might this be a problem?
  • Solution: Pure Food and Drug Act: forbid selling of contaminated products and forced truthful labels.
conservation
Conservation
  • In the early 1900s, pioneer farmers leveled forests, plowed up prairies, and allowed cattle to overgraze. Lumber companies cut down trees. Cities dumped their waste wherever they wanted.
  • Why is this a problem?
  • Solution: Conservation: setting aside areas of land for natural use.
slide11

Crater Lake, Oregon

Mesa Verde, Colorado

El Moro, New Mexico

Devils Tower, Wyoming

where teddy isn t too progressive
Where Teddy isn’t too Progressive
  • Racist upbringing- Roosevelt’s mother was a southern belle in favor of slavery.
  • Failed to promote equality between whites and blacks.
  • Did invite Booker T. Washington to the White House for dinner.
  • Because Roosevelt fails to help African Americans, African Americans formed the NAACP.
    • Wanted to create equality among the races

Booker T. Washington

exit activity
Exit Activity
  • What does Roosevelt’s lack of reforms in regards to civil rights suggest about the goals of the Progressive Era?
vocab review
Vocab Review
  • Progressive Movement
  • Florence Kelley
  • Muckraker
  • Suffrage
  • Square Deal
  • The Jungle
  • William Howard Taft
  • Federal Reserve System
  • Federal Trade Commission
  • Nineteenth Amendment