The Four-Frame Model By Bolman & Deal. Reframing Organizations. Lee G. Bolman & Terrence E. Deal. Frames. Lenses –focus, filter some things and allow others to pass through, help us order experience. Frames.
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Bolman & Deal
Lee G. Bolman & Terrence E. Deal
Lenses –focus, filter some things and allow others to pass through, help us order experience.
Tools –strengths and limitations. Wrong tool gets in the way; right tool makes the job easier.
Possess a tool—but know how to use it well.
Problems arise when the structure does not fit the situation.
Challenge is to tailor organizations to people—find a way for individuals to get the job done while feeling good about what they are doing.
Problems arise when power is concentrated in the wrong places or is too broadly dispersed. Solutions: political skill.
Problems arise when actors play their parts badly, when symbols lose their meaning, when ceremonies and rituals lose their potency.
Rebuild the expressive or spiritual side of organization through the use of symbol, myth, and magic.
Source: Bolman & Deal (1997), p. 15 & p. 344
Source: Bolman & Deal (1997), p. 271
Source: Bolman & Deal (1997), p. 303
Source: Bolman & Deal (1997), p. 321