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"To educate a person in the mind but not the morals is to educate a menace to society." –Teddy Roosevelt
Ethics is the study of morals or character; a study of the principles of human duty or the study of all moral qualities that distinguish an individual relative to others.
Moral pertains to an individual’s motives, intentions, and actions as right or wrong, virtuous or vicious, or good or bad.
Values are anything having relative worth.
Moral values are the relative worth that is placed on some virtuous behavior.
Principles are universal rules of conduct that identify what kinds of actions, intentions, and motives are valued.DEFINITIONS
“Moral reasoning does not promise behavioral change, but it does promise individual soul searching and reflection on personal beliefs, values, and principles. Without this process, cognitive moral growth will not increase, behavior change will never occur, and the potential for consistent moral action become little more than a hit or miss proposition.”
Stoll and Beller (1998), p. 24
Relativism this belief advocates that what is right or wrong is determined based on the situation (situation ethics)
Absolutismthere is an absolute moral code that should be applied without partiality in every situation
Consequential (utilitarian) theory states that the ultimate standard of what is morally right is dependent on the greatest amount of good for the greatest number of people.
Non-consequential(Kantian) theory holds that there is an inherent rightness apart from all consequences.SOCIETAL ATTITUDES TOWARD ETHICAL CONDUCT
Stoll & Beller, 2006, p 79
Gough, 1997, Character is everything: Promoting ethical excellence in sports, pp. 21-22
The Mostly Good News
The vast majority of high school athletes (90%) say their coaches “consistently set a good example of ethics and character,” and 91% reported that their current coach “wants them to do the ethically right thing, no matter what the cost.”
The Bad News
More Bad News
I would taunt my opponent.
A team must have a good coach to win.
I would spit on my opponent.
Luck is a part of winning.
It is important to shake hands with my opponent after a game.
I have never been in a game where any rules were violated.
Referees’ decisions will affect a game’s result.
Intramurals are a waste of time.
I would deliberately injure my opponent to help me win.
A team must have a “star player” to be a winning team.
Respecting my opponent gives me a better chance of winning.
The team that prepares the best should win the game.
“Winning isn’t everything, it is the only thing.”
I have never seen or heard someone taunt or trash-talk an opponent.
Respect is an important attribute for a winning team.
Football is a more violent sport than ice hockey.
I must respect my opponent to play my best.
Basketball is a non-contact sport.
I would trash-talk my opponent.
Soccer is a non-contact sport.
I compliment an opponent for a good play.
It is “OK” to run up the score against an inferior opponent.
Basketball players are better “athletes” than baseball players.
I would "bend the rules" to win.
It is not whether you win or lose, but how you play the game.
It is not up to players to enforce rules (it’s the referee’s job).
Integrity is an important attribute for a winning team.
Intercollegiate athletics are bad for a university.
I would retaliate if I was given a “cheap shot” by my opponent.
Skill in a sport is more important than hard work.
I play fair.
Being a good sport (showing sportsmanship) is important to winning.
“Every student an athlete, every student challenged.”
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