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“The Empire of the Future: Imperialism and Modernism in H.G. Wells”. Imperialism. Late nineteenth century England controlled a sizeable portion of the world's land India Large swaths of Africa and China Australia Canada Some outright colonies Others held "dominion" status. Imperialism.
Queen Victoria is named the empress of India
“… two nations between whom there is no intercourse and no sympathy; who are ignorant of each other’s habits, thoughts and feelings, as if they were dwellers in different zones or inhabitants of different planets; who are formed by different breeding, are fed by different food, are ordered by different manners, and are not governed by the same laws”. (2)
H.G. Wells novels, the “Two Nations” theory is portrayed through two tribes
the Eloi and the Morlocks
The Eloi are peaceful, docile, and friendly
Morlocksare primitive (ape-like), evil, and cannibalistic representing the good vs. evilTwo Tribes Motif:The Eloi and the Morlocks
“South Sea Islanders” were the favored natives due to passivity of colonization
“They spent all their time in playing gently, in bathing in the river, in making love in a half-playful manner fashion, in eating fruit and sleeping” (Wells qtd. In “Empire of the Future”)Eloi as “South Sea Islanders”
The Morlocks are portrayed as the evil tribe that needs to be conquered by man because it cannot be trusted
The evil tribe was commonly attributed as being cannibalistic, such as the MorlocksMorlocks- the Ape-Like Cannibals
In The Time Machine, Wells uses the ideas of Einstein and Minkowski to show there is a fourth dimension- Time
“Time is only a kind of space” (qtd. In “Empire of the Future)The Fourth Dimension
In The Time Machine, Wells is bringing the Imperial Frontier to Britain
In order to do this, Wells gives the future a tropical climate believing that the “Golden Age” life would come about due to the warm, tropical climateIt's Time to Tropicalize
“The many orientalizing touches in The Time Machine combine to portray a Britain that has in effect gone native, that has succumbed to the seductive forces it hoped to subdue on the imperial frontier” (Cantor and Hufnagel 236)The Oriental British Nation
Utilitarianism: it is a theory based on the idea that the rightness or wrongness of an action is determined by whether its consequences are conductive to general utility. The main thinker was Jeremy Bentham (Wrote about social happiness. He believed that individuals acted by self-interest). The utilitarians applied this idea for all the institutions, for everything.