Chapter 27: Empire and Expansion 1890-1909. We assert that no nation can long endure half republic and half empire, and we warn the American people that imperialism abroad will lead quickly and inevitably to despotism at home. Democratic National Platform, 1900. American Imperiali sm.
We assert that no nation can long endure half republic and half empire, and we warn the American people that imperialism abroad will lead quickly and inevitably to despotism at home.
Democratic National Platform, 1900
U. S. Foreign Investments: 1869-1908
American Foreign Trade:1870-1914
Alfred T. Mahan wrote The Influence of Sea Power on History: 1660-1783 (1890) arguing that control of the sea was key to world dominance. This book spurred competition among world powers. Americans demanded greater navy and also a canal to connect Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
The Hierarchy of Race
The White Man’s Burden
American Missionariesin China, 1905
Secretary of State
Purchase of Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million
Seward ridiculed for pushing through purchase of Alaska
Hawaii for Hawaiians!
Sanford Ballard Dole
Hawaiian Annexation Ceremony, 1898
Hearst to Frederick Remington: “You furnish the pictures,and I’ll furnish the war!
William Randolph Hearst
Philippines (after much
deliberation and criticism)
Founded in 1899 to fight American expansionist policies
Members included Mark Twain, Andrew Carnegie, William James, Samuel Gompers and William Jennings Bryan
Campaigned against the annexation ofPhilippines and other acts of imperialism
Believed annexation violated American principles of democracy
Oriental [Chinese] Exclusion Act, 1887
William Jennings Bryan
•Teddy Roosevelt in Panama
•Construction began in 1904
Japanese View of Commodore Perry
Ended exclusion of foreign nations from Japan
Nobel Peace Prize for Teddy
Japanese immigrants flooded U.S. after Russo-Japanese War, alarming residents along the Pacific Coast
Japanese agreed to deny passports to laborers headed to U.S. to stop “yellow peril”
Japan recognized U.S. right to exclude Japanese immigrants holding passports issued by other countries
U.S. government forced San Francisco school board to rescind its order to segregate Asians into separate schools