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Manchus and Imperialism Qing Dynasty 1644-1900. The next dynasty was established from outside China from what we call Manchuria. . Manchus and Imperialism. It is interesting to note that 300 years later, the Japanese invade China from Manchuria during WWII. Manchus and Imperialism.

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manchus and imperialism

The next dynasty was established from outside China from what we call Manchuria.

Manchus and Imperialism

It is interesting to note that 300 years later, the Japanese invade China from Manchuria during WWII.

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Manchus and Imperialism
  • The Manchus were not like the Mongols
  • Although they used the Mongols’ alphabet
  • Nurchaci founded Manchu nation
  • Hong Taiji, a son of Nurchaci, founded the Qing dynasty
  • Conquered the north and then the south

Manchu Rule

Hong Taiji

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Manchus and Imperialism

Kangxi, the next Qing Emperor(1662-1722), allowed Christianity into China.

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Manchus and Imperialism

Territorial Expansion

  • Taiwan added 1683
  • Settled the Mongols
  • Tibet invaded
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Manchus and Imperialism

Culture and Society

  • More conservative
  • Confucian orthodoxy
  • Still artistically creative
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Manchus and Imperialism

Dream of Red Mansions

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Manchus and Imperialism

Paintings by Zhu Da

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Manchus and Imperialism

Maritime Trade and Relations with European Nations

  • China morphs into being rivaled by Europe
  • Europeans want to trade with China (silk, tea, porcelain, etc.)
  • China wasn’t really interested in trade with the west.
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Manchus and Imperialism

Opium and the Opium War

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Manchus and Imperialism

Opium War 1840-42

  • British used opium to bring their balance of trade in line
  • Opium was disastrous to the Chinese people
  • Lin Zexu wrote to Queen Victoria:

“Suppose there were people from another country who carried opium for sale to England and seduced your people into buying and smoking it; certainly your honourable ruler would deeply hate it and be bitterly aroused.”

  • Hong Kong ceded to the British, and they got what amounted to most favored nation treatment from the Chinese
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Manchus and Imperialism

Cangue was used for opium treatment

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Manchus and Imperialism
  • Taiping Rebellion

Hong Xiuquan

Hong (Christ’s younger brother) started the Taiping Rebellion, and Zeng ended it.

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Manchus and Imperialism

Li Hongzhang industrialized China.

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Manchus and Imperialism

Chinese Diaspora

  • Out-migration from China to other areas of Southeast Asia
  • Coolies (bitter laborers) also migrated throughout the world

On board a ship outbound from China.

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Manchus and Imperialism

Total Humiliation 1894-1900

  • First it was the Japanese victory over China’s navy resulting in Liaodong and Taiwan ceded to the Japanese
  • Then Europe forced the Japanese to return Liaodong
  • Then Europe and Russia went after pieces of China
  • Empress Dowager Cixi adds to China’s problems
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Manchus and Imperialism

Empress Dowager

She was the power behind the throne for nearly a half century (1861-1908)

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Manchus and Imperialism

Chinese response to foreign interference and Christianizing efforts resulted in the Boxer Rebellion. The attempt to regain control over their country made conditions even worse when Europe and America put down the rebellion.