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Japanese Experiences in Urbanization & Urban Planning System in Japan. JICA Expert Kenichi WAKAMATSU. 23 Aug.2001 Jakarta. Today ’ s point. Japanese Experiences in Urbanization Outline of Urban Planning System in Japan Suggestion for Special Planning System in Indonesia.

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japanese experiences in urbanization urban planning system in japan

Japanese Experiences in Urbanization& Urban Planning System in Japan

JICA Expert


23 Aug.2001 Jakarta

today s point
Today’s point
  • Japanese Experiences in Urbanization
  • Outline of Urban Planning System in Japan
  • Suggestion for Special Planning System in Indonesia
as a result we had several urban problems
As a result … ⇒ We had several urban problems.
  • Formation of poor quality urbanized areas without provision for minimum public facilities, that is sprawl
  • Environmental pollution
  • Traffic congestion,etc
characteristics of urbanization in developing countries
Characteristics of Urbanization in Developing Countries
  • Urbanization Speed
  • Concentration of functions and population in the metropolis, especially in national capitals
history of urban planning law
History of Urban Planning Law

End of 19c.


  • Capital Development
  • Covering the urban area
  • in the whole Country
  • Urban Infrastructure
  • Development


  • Detailed Zoning System
the objectives of the 1968 law
The objectives of the 1968 Law
  • Enactment of land use plans with legal power
  • Supply of building lots in new urban areas
  • Regulation and guidance of land use through Land Development Permission System
  • Devolving the regulating powers of Urban Planning to local governments
  • The introduction of a democratic process of urban planning
difference between spatial planning in ri and urban planning in japan
Difference between “Spatial Planning in RI ”and “Urban Planning in Japan”
  • “Spatial Planning in RI ”deals with all of lands.
  • “Urban Planning in Japan”deals with only urban and/or its suburb area
urban planning law and related legislation
Urban Planning Lawand Related Legislation

Group A

Group B

Group C

Urban Facilities


Land Use Zoning


Urban Development Projects Related

main components of urban planning law
Main Components of Urban Planning Law
  • The City Planning Law and Construction

Standard law which Components Each Other

  • above 4m width Road
  • Public Facilities Development Added
  • Review System of Development Project

Conditions to Develop Projects

  • Project Oriented Planning
project oriented planning

In Japan

Project Oriented Planning

Urban Planning Project

  • Project implement
  • Security in a Period of

High Urban Development


procedure of plan implementation for urban planning projects
Procedure of Plan Implementation for Urban Planning Projects
  • Individual development activities become limited
  • In this phase, neither land purchase nor actual construction takes place.
  • vested right is given to a developer to purchase land
  • Landowner within a project area shall have the right to inverse possession
  • Demolition of existing structure for the purpose of implementation

becomes possible.

  • Compulsory transfer of real estates rights becomes possible.
we have to separate urban planning from spatial planning
We have to separate Urban Planning from Spatial Planning!
  • Establishment of the concept “Urban Planning”

Urban Planning

Spatial Planning

a chain of implementing flow democratic process
A chain ofimplementing flow! (democratic process)

This system should be stipulated in details by laws.





project oriented planning25
Project Oriented Planning!
  • Urban Development Projects should be authorized with legal power.
  • Urban Development Projects should be included in Spatial Plan.

⇒ Land Consolidation and/or KASIBA would be more and more important.

roles of stakeholders on collaborative urban development
Roles of Stakeholders onCollaborative Urban Development



Activities of Collaborative Urban Development




future themes for explanation
Future Themes for explanation
  • Role of Central and Local Government
  • Urban Development Projects
  • Zoning System
  • District Plan etc.