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Gender PowerPoint Presentation

Gender

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Gender

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  1. Gender Nouns

  2. Some considerations: • 1. Most nouns that end in O are masculine. • El libro • 2. Nouns that indicate male persons are masculine. • el padre (father) • Most nouns that end in MA/PA/TA • El clima -- el mapa -- el dentista

  3. considerations • 4. Most nouns that end in A are feminine. • La casa • 5. Nouns that refer to female persons are feminine. • La madre ( mother) • 6. Most nouns that end in DAD are feminine. • La universidad • 7. Most nouns that end in CIÓN are feminine. • La nación

  4. Considerations • Many nouns that refer to males and females have corresponding O and A forms. • El amigo La amiga • Most masculine nouns that end in a consonant add an A to form the feminine form. • El profesor la profesora • Some nouns are identical in the masculine and feminine forms. Only the article changes to indicate gender. • El estudiante La estudiante

  5. Plurals • If the noun ends in a vowel add an S to pluralize it. • casa casas libro libros • If the nouns ends in a consonant add an ES to pluralize it. • Profesor profesores capitalcapitales • If the noun ends in a Z…you must first change the Z to a C…then add ES • Lápizlápices vez veces • If the nouns ends in a consonant AND an accent mark on the last syllable…the accent drops when the word is pluralized. • Lección lecciones

  6. Definite articles(the) • The are four ways to say the • 1. el masculine singular • El libro • 2. la feminine singular • La casa • 3. los masculine plural • Los libros • 4. las feminine plural • Las casas • You MUST use the correct one for each noun!

  7. Indefinite articles • There are two ways to say A,AN • Un masculine singular • Un libro • Una feminine singular • una casa • The are two ways to say SOME • Unos masculine plural • Unos libros • Unas feminine plural • Unas casas