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ISLAM PowerPoint Presentation

ISLAM

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ISLAM

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  1. ISLAM THE BASICS

  2. INTRODUCTION • Islam founded in Mekka (Makkah) in 610 CE • Shares some of the same teachings as Christianity and Judaism • Key Figure is Muhammad • There are different denominations in Islam

  3. FIVE PILLARS OF ISLAM • Shahadah • Salah • Zakah • Sawm • Hajj

  4. MOSQUE • Means “place of congregation” • Mosques usually do not have chairs • Focal point of is the Mihrab • Friday midday prayers is the common time to attend the Mosque

  5. IMAM • Allah founded Islam, and Muhammad is his prophet • After the prophet dies, succeeded by certain leaders called Khalifahs(Caliphs) • Imams lead the prayers in the mosque

  6. FESTIVALS • HAJJ -- pilgrimmage • Kabah in Makkah, Saudi Arabia • ID-UL-ADHA “feast of sacrifice”

  7. RITES OF PASSAGE • ADHAN-CALL TO PRAYER • Child bathed shortly after birth and then the father or close male relative will perform the Adhan. • Declaration of the Unity of Allah and Muhammad.

  8. Qur’an • Sacred text • Has 114 Surahs or chapters- 30 parts • Directly revealed by Allah to Muhammad

  9. Qur’an • 3 Areas Covered by Qur’an • Tawhid- Unity of Allah • Risalah- Prophet-hood • Akhirah-Life after Death

  10. Artifacts and Rituals • Wudu- ritual washing • Salah begins with a statement and then washing of certain body parts and then declaration of faith is made, the Shahadah. • Some Muslims use prayer beads