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Islam - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Islam. Background Hejira 5 Pillars. Muhammad Ali. Muhammad Ali was born in Mecca in 570 A.D. He was raised by an uncle who worked for a wealthy widow as a trade caravan leader. Muhammad went to work for Khadija as well and when he was 25, he married her.

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islam

Islam

Background

Hejira

5 Pillars

muhammad ali
MuhammadAli
  • Muhammad Ali was born in Mecca in 570 A.D.
  • He was raised by an uncle who worked for a wealthy widow as a trade caravan leader.
  • Muhammad went to work for Khadija as well and when he was 25, he married her.
  • She encouraged him to spend time away in prayer and became his first convert.
slide3

As Muhammad was on one of his retreats, he was approached by the angel Gabriel and was ordered to “submit to God and proclaim” his faith to all people.

  • Khadija urged Muhammad to accept the mission and do his duty as God’s prophet.
  • At first, he gained only a few followers, but also managed to anger the merchants in the town.
  • The Quraysh were a powerful tribe who controlled the lives of the Meccan people.
  • Muhammad’s clan was a part of that tribe but were not as wealthy and therefore less influential within the tribe.
the hejira
The Hejira
  • In 622, Khadija died and Muhammad and his followers were forced out of the city of Mecca.
  • Muhammad and his followers went north to what became Medina and were welcomed as a respected leader.
  • This event marks the first year of the Muslim calendar.
  • In 630, he returned to Mecca with a strong army and captured the city.
  • “Truth has come and falsehood has vanished” he declared as he smashed the false idols of gods in the Kaaba.
  • He then dedicated the Black Stone to God.
the 5 pillars of their faith
The 5 Pillars of their Faith
  • Declaration: You must declare your faith. There is only one God and Allah is his name.
  • Prayer: You pray 5 times per day.
  • Charity: You should give 2 1/2 % of your income, or do continues acts of kindness.
  • The Fast: During the month of Ramadan, you don’t eat during daylight hours, drink minimal amounts.
  • Pilgrimage: Once in your lifetime, if possible, you will travel to Mecca.