Islam. HISTORY & ORIGINS. Arabian Peninsula. Important Cities. Mecca & Yathrib (Medina). Kaaba. Muhammad. Prophet Gabriel orders him to preach Mecca = unsuccessful Yathrib = successful Becomes Medina “city of the prophet” Commemorated as Hejira Built an army and defeated Mecca.
لآ اِلَـهَ اِلاَّ لله محمد رسول الله“La ilahailla Allah: Muhammadunrasulu Allah” –“No God but Allah: Muhammad is the prophet of Allah”