Origins and history of Islam Mainstream vs. radical/fundamentalist Islam Radical Islam human nature freedom democracy Radical Islam as ideology. Islam and radical islam. One of three great monotheistic religions Arabic word islam means “submission”
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Subordinate individual will to greater will of single all-wise, all-knowing, and loving God (Allah)
Western imperialism (military, economic, cultural), along with America’s support of Israel and its military presence in Iraq, Afghanistan, and other parts of the Middle East, are viewed as attempt to destroy Islam
Especially influential theorist, SayyidQutb (1906-1966), an Egyptian journalist, high-ranking member of Ministry of Education
Nationalist Colonel Gamel Abdul Nasser overthrew King Faruq, courted Qutb and Muslim Brotherhood
What is the meaning of “jihad”? How do radical Islamists differ from moderate, mainstream Muslims in their interpretation, and what implications do the Islamists’ interpretation of jihad have for their political program?
Describe Radical Islam as an ideology. What is its view of human nature, freedom? Describe how it functions in terms of explanation, evaluation, orientation, and program.
Is Radical Islam a democratic ideology? If so, how? If not, why not? What features of Radical Islam make it democratic or undemocratic/antidemocratic?Discussion questions