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Using Verbs Correctly

Using Verbs Correctly

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Using Verbs Correctly

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  1. Using Verbs Correctly Tenses Irregular Verbs Be, Have, Do

  2. Verb Tense The verb tense helps identify the time of an action or state of being. Includes the following: Present Present Perfect Past Past Perfect Future Future Perfect all 6 progressive tenses Present and Past Emphatic

  3. Present Tense Expresses a general truth or an action that is occurring now Ginny answers her e-mail each hour. My laser printer needs a new toner cartridge. Expresses an action that occurs regularly or habitually The manager requests timesheets on Friday. Some companies offer software discounts to employees.

  4. Present Tense Add s to a verb in present tense when the subject is a third-person singular noun or a third-person pronoun (he, she, it). Kara drives she drives Joe manages he manages Brian calls he calls Rachel prints she prints

  5. Present Tense Add es to the verb if it ends in o, ch, s, sh, x, or z. the boat goes it goes Ms. LaPorte reaches she reaches the teacher dismisses he or she dismisses Webmaster wishes he or she wishes the manager fixes he or she fixes the machine buzzes it buzzes

  6. Present Tense Do not add s or es to a verb in present tense when the subject is a plural noun or a compound subject. we know teachers dismiss they plan Webmasters wish boats go managers fix Mark and Lynn miss

  7. Past Tense Expresses an action or condition that was started and completed in the past Requires d or ed to form the past tense of regular verbs. Use the dictionary for the past tenses of irregular verbs.

  8. Past Tense Do not use a helping verb with a main verb to form the past tense. Regular Verbs We requested a site license for the software. Sandra discussed the network problem with Eric. Irregular Verbs She forgot the password for the customer database file. Gary wrote to the manufacturer about the printer problem.

  9. Future Tense Indicates an action or a condition that will occur in the future Requires the helping verbs will or shall before the present part of the verb She will design our new Web page. We will send the software this afternoon.

  10. Perfect Tenses The perfect tenses use the helping verbs has, have, or had. The three perfect tenses are Present perfect Past perfect Future perfect

  11. Irregular Verbs Be, Do, Have The irregular verbs of be, do, and have appear as main verbs, linking verbs, or helping verbs and require memorization.

  12. Be Examples I am eager to load this software. You were correct in backing up our payroll data. Theresa is printing the checks this afternoon. We are pleased with the software upgrade.

  13. Irregular Verbs The following is a (very) partial list of irregular verbs found in English. Each listing consists of the present/root form of the verb, the (simple) past form of the verb, and the past participle form of the verb.

  14. List of Irregular Verbs in English be was/ were been drive drove driven eat ate eaten drink drank drunk forgive forgave forgiven know knew known see saw seen speak spoke spoken