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Using commas correctly

Using commas correctly

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Using commas correctly

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  1. Using commas correctly NINTH GRADE ENGLISH

  2. Commas • 1. Use commas to separate items in a series • Examples: • Items of folk art are often discovered in closets, attics, and barns • Our exhibit has encouraged people who tell stories, who sew quilts, an who carve toys to share their talents. • If the items are all joined by and, or, or nor do not use commas to separate them.

  3. Commas • Use commas to separate two or more adjectives preceding a noun • ****If you can put AND between the adjectives, use a comma. • Example: • See the loud, bright colors in her design!

  4. Appositives • Noun or pronoun placed beside another noun or pronoun to identify or describe it • Examples: • The person in charge of the workshop is the librarian, Mrs. Barber. • My best friend, Donna, went with me to the movies.

  5. Appositive Phrases • Consists of an appositive and any modifiers it has • Examples: • Dad is making baklava, our family’s favorite dessert. • Mrs. Smith, the teacher in room 306, is my favorite teacher.

  6. Appositives and Appositive Phrases • Some are essential • Some are nonessential

  7. Commas • Nonessential appositives and appositive phrases should be set off by commas • Example: • Mr. Lee, the new PTO president, asked parents to become active.

  8. Commas • Nouns of direct address should be set off by commas • Example: • Sam, please shut the door!

  9. Commas • Parenthetical expressions should be set off by commas • Example: • Paula, on the other hand, will not be going on the trip.

  10. Parenthetical Expressions

  11. Commas • Use commas to separate items in dates and addresses • Examples: • Sam was born on December 25, 2008, in Mobile. • Please send your payment to 1 Main Street, Newton, Georgia 30201, no later than May 1st.

  12. Commas • Use a comma after the salutation of a friendly letter and the closing of any letter • Examples: • Dear Mom, • Sincerely yours,

  13. Commas • Set abbreviations off when they follow a person’s name • Examples: • Is Alex M. Moore, M.D, here?