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Using Semicolons Correctly

Using Semicolons Correctly

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Using Semicolons Correctly

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  1. Using Semicolons Correctly Goal: I can correctly use and identify semicolons in a sentence Click Here to Begin

  2. There are two main rules we will focus on in order to learn how to correctly use semicolons. Click the arrow next to the rule you would like to learn about. Rule 1: Linking 2 independent clauses Rule 2: Separating a series that contains commas already

  3. Rule #1: Use a semicolon when you link 2 independent clauses, or complete sentences, without adding connecting words. ; COMPLETE Sentence COMPLETE Sentence The two independent clauses, which could stand alone as their own sentences, are joined by a semicolon only.

  4. Rule #1: Use a semicolon when you link 2 independent clauses, or complete sentences, without adding connecting words. Here’s how it works: EX: Grandma still rides her Harley motorcycle. Her toy poodle balances in a basket between the handlebars. (These are two independent clauses that could stand alone as their own sentences) To use a semicolon in order to combine these sentences: Grandma still rides her Harley motorcycle ;her toy poodle balances in a basket between the handlebars. To combine these sentences, take out the period, add a semicolon, and make the ‘h’ in her lower-case.

  5. Rule #1: : Use a semicolon when you link 2 independent clauses, or complete sentences, without adding connecting words. • Semicolons combine two independent clauses and reduce the pause between the two complete thoughts. • They do this WITHOUT using words such as and, but, nor,or yet.

  6. Rule #1: Semicolons are used to link two independent clauses , or complete sentences, without adding connecting words. . ; she loves to take her on walks My aunt also has a lab This is an independent clause. It could stand alone as its own sentence. This is an independent clause. It could stand alone as its own sentence.

  7. DO NOT use semicolon with a conjunction • (Words like: and, but, or, nor, for, so yet)

  8. Rule 1 Re-Cap Click here to review Rule 1 again Click here to move on to the Rule 1 Quiz

  9. Rule # 1 Quiz: Click the colored box next to your chosen answer • In which option below is the correct usage of a semicolon shown? • Dave went for a bike ride; and he rode for 40 miles. • Dave went for a bike ride; he rode for 40 miles. • Dave went for a bike ride, he rode 40 miles. • Dave went for a bike ride; as a result, he rode for 40 miles. Choice A Choice B Choice C Choice D

  10. Oops! Your answer is incorrect. Remember: Semicolons join 2 independent clauses without any connecting words or phrases Click Here to Try Again

  11. Congratulations! Great Job! You answered the question correctly! Click Here to Move On

  12. Oops! Your answer is incorrect. Remember: You must use a semicolon to link independent clauses that do not have any connecting words. *Use a comma only when there is a connecting word between the 2 independent clauses Click Here to Try Again

  13. Oops! Your answer is incorrect. Remember: Semicolons join 2 independent clauses without any connecting words or phrases. Click Here to Try Again

  14. Rule # 1 Quiz: Click the colored box next to your chosen answer • In which option below is the correct usage of a semicolon shown? • A draft of my first essay is due on Monday; I also need to read chapter 2 in the textbook. • A draft of my first essay is due on Monday; and I also need to read chapter 2 in the textbook. • A draft of my first essay is due on Monday and I also; need to read chapter 2 in the textbook. • A draft of my first essay is due on Monday, I also need to read chapter 2 in the textbook. Choice A Choice B Choice C Choice D

  15. Congratulations! Great Job! You answered the question correctly! Click here to move on

  16. Moving On…. Rule 1: Linking 2 independent clauses Review Rule 2: Separating a series that contains commas already

  17. Oops! Your answer is incorrect. Remember: Semicolons link two independent clauses without any connecting words. Click here to try #2 again

  18. Oops! Your answer is incorrect. Remember: Each independent clause connected by the semicolon must stand alone as its own complete sentence. Click here to try #2 again

  19. Oops! Your answer is incorrect. Remember: A comma is not enough to connect two complete sentences if there is no connecting word. You must use a semicolon to connect two independent clauses with no connecting words. Click here to try #2 again

  20. Rule #2: Use a semicolon between items in a list or series if any of the items contain commas or added details.

  21. Rule #2: Use a semicolon between items in a list or series if any of the items contain commas or added details. The pattern for this rule looks like this: More Info. More Info. More Info. , ; , ; , Item Item Item

  22. Rule #2: Use a semicolon between items in a list or series if any of the items contain commas or added details. Example: The fans, cheering loudly; the band, playing a rousing march; and the cheerleaders turning cartwheels, helped inspire the team to play well. NOTE: There are several commas in this list with added descriptive details, so the semicolon helps avoid confusion and separates each item within the list.

  23. Rule #2: Use a semicolon between items in a list or series if any of the items contain commas or added details.

  24. Rule 2 Re-Cap Click here to review Rule 1 again Click here to move on to the Rule 2 Quiz

  25. Rule # 2 Quiz: Click the colored box next to your chosen answer • Choose the correctly punctuated list from the choices below: • On a Harley motorcycle, my grandmother and her poodle have traveled to Anchorage; Alaska, San Francisco; California, and Tijuana; Mexico. • On a Harley motorcycle, my grandmother and her poodle have traveled to Anchorage Alaska; San Francisco California; and Tijuana Mexico. • On a Harley motorcycle, my grandmother and her poodle have traveled to Anchorage, Alaska; San Francisco, California; and Tijuana, Mexico. • None of the above are correct. Choice A Choice B Choice C Choice D

  26. Oops! Your answer is incorrect. Remember: Commas always separate a city and state. In a list of multiple cities and states semicolons separate each entire place (both city and state or city and nation) in the list. Click here to try again

  27. Oops! Your answer is incorrect. Remember: • You must still use a comma to separate a city and state. • Semicolons are used to separate each whole place in the list if they have both a city and state or a city and nation. Click here to try again

  28. Congratulations! Great Job! You Answered the Question Correctly! Click Here to Move on to Question #2

  29. Oops! Your answer is incorrect. Oops… One of the choices is correct. Remember, semicolons help give clarity to a list with added details and punctuation. Click here to try again

  30. Rule # 2 Quiz: Click the colored box next to your chosen answer • Choose the correctly punctuated list from the choices below: • The first crew to land on the moon consisted of Neil Armstrong, who was the first person to walk on the moon; Edwin Aldrin, who accompanied Armstrong to the moon; and Michael Collins, who piloted the Columbia. • The first crew to land on the moon consisted of Neil Armstrong; who was the first person to walk on the moon, Edwin Aldrin; who accompanied Armstrong to the moon, and Michael Collins; who piloted the Columbia. • The first crew to land on the moon consisted of Neil Armstrong who was the first person to walk on the moon Edwin Aldrin who accompanied Armstrong to the moon and Michael Collins, who piloted the Columbia. • None of the above are correct. Choice A Choice B Choice C Choice D

  31. Congratulations! Great Job! You Answered the Question Correctly! Click here to move on

  32. Oops! Your answer is incorrect. Remember: Semicolons separate items in a list with extra details. Commas separate the extra details from the subjects they are describing. Click here to try again

  33. Oops! Your answer is incorrect. Remember: A list of any kind must have punctuation to separate items in it. A list with extra details uses a semicolon between each item. Click here to try again

  34. Oops! Your answer is incorrect. There is a correct choice. Remember, semicolons separate items in detailed lists. Click here to try again

  35. Moving On… Click HEREif you have gone through the tutorials for BOTH semicolon rules and are ready to review. Click HERE if you need to learn about another rule.

  36. Let’s Review Click on the rule that you’d like to review. Rule 1 Rule 2

  37. Semicolon Rule Review Rule #1: Use a semicolon when linking 2 independent clauses with no connecting words. . ; Independent Clause Independent Clause REMEMBER: Independent clauses can stand alone as their own sentences Click here to select another Rule to Review Click here to move on to the assessment

  38. Semicolon Rule Review Rule #2: Use a semicolon to avoid confusion when you have complicated lists of items. Ex: The choir, singing beautifully; the flowers, tastefully lining the stage; and the thoughtfully written speeches made the graduation very special. More Info. More Info. More Info. , ; , ; , Item Item Item Click here to select another Rule to Review Click here to move on to the assessment

  39. Show What You Know! Click the link below to take the Semicolon Assessment. Click submit when finished. Good Luck! Semicolon Assessment