BN501 Session 12: Concepts of community. Session outcomes. At the end of this session students will be able to: Introduce and define the concept of a community. Identify what factors make a community healthy Discuss the factors that contribute to a healthy community.
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Session 12: Concepts of community
At the end of this session students will be able to:
The term community simply means that which is common. It is defined as a interdependent group inhabiting a common space.
“Hold membership in various population groups on the basis of gender, age, physical capacity or culture”
Archer (1985) described three general types of communities:
“Communities are systems of dynamic, interactive relationships between people and their physical, geographic, personal and social networks. Communities are ecological in that the relationships within the community not only connect people to the community, but give back to the community what it needs to sustain itself, and both sides benefit”
“A community is a social group determined by geographical boundaries and/or common values and interests. Its members know and interact with each other. It functions within a particular social structure and exhibits and creates certain norms, values and social institutions”
(Francis, Chapman, Hoare & Mills, 2008. p.168)
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World Health Organisation. (1974). Community health nursing. Report of a WHO expert committee. Geneva: Author. Retrieved from http://whqlibdoc.who.int/trs/WHO_TRS_558.pdf