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World War II

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  1. World War II

  2. In what years did World War II take place?

  3. World War II took place between 1939 and 1945.

  4. In what two theaters was World War II fought?

  5. World War II was fought in the European Theatre and the Pacific Theatre.

  6. What were the long-term causes of World War II?

  7. Long-Term Causes of WWII • Aggression by totalitarian dictators • nationalism • the failures of the treaty of Versailles and the league of nations • appeasement • US isolationism

  8. Give an example of aggression by a totalitarian dictator.

  9. Examples of Aggression by Totalitarian Rulers • Hitler invaded the Rhineland, Austria, Czechoslovakia, and Poland • Mussolini invaded Ethiopia • Japan invaded Manchuria (northern China)

  10. How did nationalism lead to World War II?

  11. Aggressors in Germany, Italy, and Japan used nationalism to gain power.

  12. What were some of the failures of the treaty of Versailles that helped lead to World War II?

  13. The Treaty of Versailles focused on punishing Germany. • Other countries that fought on the side of the allies resented the fact that they did not gain more land. • The middle eastern mandates resented not gaining their independence.

  14. What was the main failure of the League of Nations?

  15. The League of Nations was unable to stop aggression from Germany, Italy, and Japan.

  16. What was appeasement?

  17. Appeasement is the policy of pacifying an aggressor by making concessions.

  18. What took place at the Munich Conference?

  19. Russia, Germany, Britain, France, and Italy met to decide how to respond to Hitler’s acts of aggression. The Allies agreed to allow Hitler to keep the land he had conquered so far and Hitler agreed not to invade Poland.

  20. How did isolationism lead to World War II?

  21. One of the most powerful countries at the time, the US, practiced the policy of isolationism. They tried to stay out of the affairs of Europe and therefore did nothing to stop the aggression of Germany, Italy, or Japan.

  22. Pacifism is a belief that violence, even in self-defense, is unjustifiable under any conditions and that negotiation is preferable to war as a means of solving disputes. In the First World War pacifists became known as conscientious objectors.

  23. What event caused Britain and France to declare war on Germany in 1939?

  24. Germany invaded Poland.

  25. What was the non-aggression pact?

  26. Germany and Russia signed a non-aggression pact. They agreed not to attack each other. • They secretly agreed to divide Poland.

  27. How did the Battle of Britain change Germany’s plans?

  28. In the Battle of Britain, Germany was unable to carry out its plan to invade Britain. Instead, Germany and Italy attacked North Africa, then Yugoslavia and Greece.

  29. Why did the Soviet Union enter World War II?

  30. The Soviet Union entered the war, because Germany broke its non-aggression pact and invaded the Soviet Union.

  31. Why did the US enter World War II?

  32. The US entered World War II after Japan attacked Pearl Harbor.

  33. What was D-Day?

  34. D-Day was the day the Allies invaded France in order to free France from German control.

  35. Why did the US drop an atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki?

  36. The US dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in order to prevent the loss of more US soldiers and to bring a speedier end to the War.

  37. What were the three major Allied Powers?

  38. Britain, France, and the Soviet Union were the three major Allied Powers.

  39. What were the three major Axis Powers?

  40. Germany, Japan, and Italy were the three major Axis Powers.

  41. Who was president of the US throughout most of World War II?

  42. Franklin Roosevelt was president of the United States throughout most of World War II.

  43. Who became president of the US after Roosevelt died in office?

  44. Harry Truman became president after Roosevelt died.

  45. Who was the prime minister of Britain during World War II?

  46. Winston Churchill was the prime minister of Britain during World War II.