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CHAPTER 7. Wireless, Mobile Computing and Mobile Commerce. CHAPTER OUTLINE. Wireless Devices and Media Wireless Networking Technologies Mobile commerce Pervasive Computing. Wireless Devices and Media. Device Capabilities. Telephony Music/Video player Texting Digital camera

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Chapter 7


Wireless, Mobile Computing and Mobile Commerce

Chapter outline

  • Wireless Devices and Media

  • Wireless Networking Technologies

  • Mobile commerce

  • Pervasive Computing

Wireless devices and media
Wireless Devices and Media

Device Capabilities

Telephony Music/Video player

Texting Digital camera

Web/Email Point-of-Sale terminal?

Apps, Apps, Apps …



QWERTY keyboard

Martin Cooper: Inventor of the cellphone

Microbrowsers in wireless devices
Microbrowsers in Wireless Devices

Opera Mobile

iPhone Safari

Wireless communication media
Wireless Communication Media

  • Infrared

    • Slow; very short range; requires line-of-sight

  • Laser (free space optics)

    • Fast, but requires line-of-sight

  • High-frequency Radio (900 MHz and above)

    • Wireless local area networks (Wi-Fi)

    • Cellular networks

    • Bluetooth (personal area networks)

    • Microware / WiMax

Wireless networking technologies
Wireless Networking Technologies

  • Short range

    • Bluetooth, Near-field communications

  • Medium range

    • Wireless LAN (WiFi)

  • Wide area

    • Cellular, WiMax

Short range bluetooth and its applications
Short Range: Bluetooth and Its Applications

Body Area Network (BAN)

Personal Area Network (PAN)

Range: 30 feet

Medium range wireless lan wi fi
Medium Range: Wireless LAN (Wi-Fi)

Wired LAN Medium

Wireless Clients

Wireless Access Points (AP)

Provide Hotspots

AP Range: 50 - 300 feet

Long range wimax
Long Range: WiMax

  • Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMax)

WiMAX transmitting tower (range: 30 miles)

Terrestrial microwave radio
Terrestrial Microwave Radio

  • Used to cross inaccessible terrain or to connect buildings where cable installation would be expensive.

  • Antennas are about 30 miles apart

  • Requires line of sight

Satellite based microwave radio

Geosynchronous Earth Orbit Satellites (GEOs)

Long propagation delays

There are also Medium and Low Earth Orbit Satellites (MEOs and LEOs)

Satellite-based Microwave Radio

Application example gps
Application Example: GPS

  • Global Positioning System

    • 24 satellites 12,000 miles above earth

    • Receivers pick up signals from at least 4 satellites

    • GPS receivers triangulate position using time stamps

    • Accuracy: as close as 10 square centimeters


Mobile commerce
Mobile Commerce

  • An extension of E-Commerce

  • Driven by:

    • Widespread availability of mobile devices

    • Bandwidth improvement

  • Popular Applications

    • Financial transactions

    • Reservations/bookings

    • Location-based applications

Mobile wallet

Location based m commerce
Location-Based M-Commerce

  • Highly personalized mobile services

  • Based on location

    • Use GPS- or Bluetooth-enabled cell phones

  • Pull-based – consumers seeking information

  • Push-based – companies sending (unrequested) information to the consumer (hence the sellphone)

Wikitude aumented reality
Wikitude: Aumented Reality

Pervasive computing
Pervasive Computing

  • Aka Ubiquitous Computing (Ubicomp)

  • Computers seem to disappear but are yet everywhere (called Everyware by Adam Greenfield)

  • Two infrastructure technologies for Ubicomp

    • Radio frequency identification (RFID)

    • Wireless sensor networks (WSNs)

Example of rfid application
Example of RFID Application

Coming soon to a supermarket near you

See video

Rfid at selexyz
RFID at Selexyz

RFID tag on book

RFID reader at Selexyz

Wsn application example 2 smart electric grid by
WSN Application Example 2: “Smart” Electric Grid by

Visualization of home energy usage