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Living Things

Living Things

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Living Things

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  1. Living Things Plants and Animals Grade 3 Mrs. Mullins

  2. spores • A spore is the reproductive "seed" of fungi and some bacteria which is capable of spreading through various means (wind, water, animals) and when arriving at a suitable host, with optimum conditions, can germinate and/or cause disease in the host.

  3. deciduous (of plants and shrubs) shedding foliage at the end of the growing season Leaves fall off these types of trees

  4. evergreen • a plant having foliage that persists and remains green throughout the year • Leaves do not fall off the tree/ or change color

  5. flowering blossoming: the time and process of budding and unfolding of blossoms Plants that have flowers

  6. Non-flowering • without flower or bloom and not producing seeds • Plants without flowers in their growth cycle

  7. annual • Annual plants are by definition plants whose life cycle lasts only one year, from seed to blooms to seed

  8. chlorophyll • Chlorophyll is a green pigment found in all plants, algae, and cyanobacteria. • Chlorophyll is the molecule that absorbs sunlight and uses its energy to synthesize carbohydrates from CO2 and water • Plants use chlorophyll to trap light needed for photosynthesis

  9. photosynthesis the process a plant uses to combine sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide to produce oxygen and sugar (energy).

  10. nutrient • any substance that is assimilated (taken in) by an organisms that is needed for the organism to live, grow, breathe, move

  11. oxygen Released During Photosynthesis

  12. Carbon dioxide • Carbon dioxide is used by plants during photosynthesis to make sugars

  13. heat • a form of energy that is transferred by a difference in temperature • Plants need heat to survive- they can’t get too cold!

  14. light • Plants need light (Photosynthesis!)

  15. mammals • Any of various warm-blooded vertebrate animals of the class Mammalia, including humans, characterized by a covering of hair on the skin.

  16. birds • Any of various warm-blooded, egg-laying, feathered vertebrates of the class Aves, having forelimbs modified to form wings.

  17. reptiles • any cold-blooded vertebrate of the class Reptilia including tortoises, turtles, snakes, lizards, alligators, crocodiles, and extinct forms

  18. fish • cold-blooded aquatic vertebrates usually having scales and breathing through gills

  19. amphibians • cold-blooded vertebrate typically living on land but breeding in water; aquatic larvae undergo metamorphosis into adult form • frogs, toads, salamanders, newts, and caecilians are some examples

  20. arthropods • he largest group of animals on Earth. Arthropods are a type of invertebrate. Common examples include: spiders, ants, butterflies, crabs and dragonflies. • Animals that have jointed legs, a body divided into two or more parts, and a skeleton on the outside of its body; all arthropods lack a backbone

  21. Examples of Arthropods

  22. vertebrates having a backbone or spinal column; "fishes and amphibians and reptiles and birds and mammals are vertebrate animals”

  23. invertebrates An invertebrate is an animal without a backbone. The group includes 95% of all animal species (due to insects and bugs!) Examples: shellfish, worms, jellyfish, sponges, seastars, corals, insects, spiders, snails and slugs

  24. Plant Characteristics • They make their own food • Chloroplasts contain chlorophyll • Chlorophyll absorbs energy from the sun • Plants use the energy to make food - glucose (sugar) • Process is called Photosynthesis

  25. Chloroplasts:

  26. PlantCharacteristics • Plants Have a Cuticle

  27. What is a Cuticle? • A waxy layer that coats the surface of stems, leaves, and other plant parts exposed to the air. • Keeps plants from drying out.

  28. PlantCharacteristics • Plant Cells have Cell Walls

  29. What is a Cell Wall • a plant cell is surrounded by a rigid cell wall • outside of the cell membrane • helps support and protect the plant

  30. Animal Characteristics 1. Multicellular 2. Consume Food 3. Movement 4. Exhibit embryonic development

  31. behaviors • manner of acting or controlling yourself

  32. migration • the movement of people/animals from one country or locality to another

  33. environment • the circumstances, objects, or conditions by which one is surrounded

  34. Natural events • Natural events occur outside of human control

  35. habitat • the type of environment in which an organism or group normally lives or occurs;

  36. adaptation • a change in a plant or animal that makes it better able to live in a particular place or situation

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