Living Things Plants and Animals Grade 3 Mrs. Mullins
spores • A spore is the reproductive "seed" of fungi and some bacteria which is capable of spreading through various means (wind, water, animals) and when arriving at a suitable host, with optimum conditions, can germinate and/or cause disease in the host.
deciduous (of plants and shrubs) shedding foliage at the end of the growing season Leaves fall off these types of trees
evergreen • a plant having foliage that persists and remains green throughout the year • Leaves do not fall off the tree/ or change color
flowering blossoming: the time and process of budding and unfolding of blossoms Plants that have flowers
Non-flowering • without flower or bloom and not producing seeds • Plants without flowers in their growth cycle
annual • Annual plants are by definition plants whose life cycle lasts only one year, from seed to blooms to seed
chlorophyll • Chlorophyll is a green pigment found in all plants, algae, and cyanobacteria. • Chlorophyll is the molecule that absorbs sunlight and uses its energy to synthesize carbohydrates from CO2 and water • Plants use chlorophyll to trap light needed for photosynthesis
photosynthesis the process a plant uses to combine sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide to produce oxygen and sugar (energy).
nutrient • any substance that is assimilated (taken in) by an organisms that is needed for the organism to live, grow, breathe, move
oxygen Released During Photosynthesis
Carbon dioxide • Carbon dioxide is used by plants during photosynthesis to make sugars
heat • a form of energy that is transferred by a difference in temperature • Plants need heat to survive- they can’t get too cold!
light • Plants need light (Photosynthesis!)
mammals • Any of various warm-blooded vertebrate animals of the class Mammalia, including humans, characterized by a covering of hair on the skin.
birds • Any of various warm-blooded, egg-laying, feathered vertebrates of the class Aves, having forelimbs modified to form wings.
reptiles • any cold-blooded vertebrate of the class Reptilia including tortoises, turtles, snakes, lizards, alligators, crocodiles, and extinct forms
fish • cold-blooded aquatic vertebrates usually having scales and breathing through gills
amphibians • cold-blooded vertebrate typically living on land but breeding in water; aquatic larvae undergo metamorphosis into adult form • frogs, toads, salamanders, newts, and caecilians are some examples
arthropods • he largest group of animals on Earth. Arthropods are a type of invertebrate. Common examples include: spiders, ants, butterflies, crabs and dragonflies. • Animals that have jointed legs, a body divided into two or more parts, and a skeleton on the outside of its body; all arthropods lack a backbone
vertebrates having a backbone or spinal column; "fishes and amphibians and reptiles and birds and mammals are vertebrate animals”
invertebrates An invertebrate is an animal without a backbone. The group includes 95% of all animal species (due to insects and bugs!) Examples: shellfish, worms, jellyfish, sponges, seastars, corals, insects, spiders, snails and slugs
Plant Characteristics • They make their own food • Chloroplasts contain chlorophyll • Chlorophyll absorbs energy from the sun • Plants use the energy to make food - glucose (sugar) • Process is called Photosynthesis
PlantCharacteristics • Plants Have a Cuticle
What is a Cuticle? • A waxy layer that coats the surface of stems, leaves, and other plant parts exposed to the air. • Keeps plants from drying out.
PlantCharacteristics • Plant Cells have Cell Walls
What is a Cell Wall • a plant cell is surrounded by a rigid cell wall • outside of the cell membrane • helps support and protect the plant
Animal Characteristics 1. Multicellular 2. Consume Food 3. Movement 4. Exhibit embryonic development
behaviors • manner of acting or controlling yourself
migration • the movement of people/animals from one country or locality to another
environment • the circumstances, objects, or conditions by which one is surrounded
Natural events • Natural events occur outside of human control
habitat • the type of environment in which an organism or group normally lives or occurs;
adaptation • a change in a plant or animal that makes it better able to live in a particular place or situation