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Living Things

Living Things

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Living Things

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  1. Living Things

  2. How do we know is something is ‘living’? • All living things are characterised as being able to do seven things • These are usually remembered by the mnemonic MRS NERG M R S N E R G Can you guess what these letters stand for?

  3. The 7 characteristics of Living Things Movement – Animals move to find food and keep away from predators, plants move to face the light Reproduction – the ability to produce offspring to keep the species in existence Sensitivity – responding and reacting to the environment Nutrition – Animals need food for respiration, plants need minerals from the soil Excretion – Getting rid of waste Respiration – Turning food into energy Growth – Growing larger and stronger  becoming adult size

  4. Classification of Living Things Everything that is living can be sorted into these 5 kingdoms Kingdom Moneran Protist Kingdom Animal Kingdom Fungi Kingdom Plant Kingdom

  5. Kingdom Moneran • Tiny, single-celled organisms • Do not have a nucleus • E.g. bacteria

  6. Protist Kingdom • Single-celled organisms with a nucleus • Live in damp places of water • E.g. amoeba

  7. Fungi Kingdom • Body is made up of a network of threads called hyphae • E.g moulds, mushrooms

  8. Plant Kingdom • Multicellular – made up of lots of cells • Make their own food by photosynthesis • Lots of examples: flowering plants / non-flowering plants

  9. Animal Kingdom • Multicellular – made up of may specialised cells • Cannot make own food • Can be further classified into vertebrates and non-vertebrates then into classes such as amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals

  10. Task • Everyone • Make a list of the 7 characteristics of Living Things (MRS NERG) • Make a list of the 5 Kingdoms of Living Things (try to write an example for each) • Extension • Research one of the 5 Kingdoms in more detail • Make a poster / fact page / fact file If you get stuck use the key word lists and information on your tables