Chapter 7. Elections: Texas Style. Voting Registration and Voter Qualifications. State governments responsible for voter registration; therefore 50 different sets of voter registration procedures.
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Elections: Texas Style
Legal Barriers to Voting in Post-Reconstruction Texas:
-- Guinn v. US (1919) violated 14thEQ
-- Voting Rights Act of 1965, applied to all elections conducted by the states
-- 24th Amend (1964), Harper v. Va. Bd of Election (1966) – held st and local elections could not charge poll tax under 14thEQ clause
-- Nixon v. Herndon (1924) unconstl if st required; Dem Party created “priv org”, challenged and struck down in Smith v. Allwright (1944) as primary vital part of nominating and party engaged in public function
Hispanics and Voting Rights:
Democrats and Republicans each hold March primaries to elect candidates to run under the party label in the November general election.
Three types of primaries:
1. Closed primary—an election contest restricted to party loyalists, excluding supporters of other political parties and independent voters. [members only]
2. Open primary—an electoral contest in which voters do not have to declare party affiliation to participate, but must request a specific party’s ballot at the primary, and are then barred from participating in the other party’s primary. In Texas’s open primary system, voters do not have to declare party affiliation when registering to vote.
3. Blanket or wide-open primary—a primary in which voters do not register party affiliation and receive ballots containing the names of all candidates from all political parties running for office. Voters may choose only one candidate per political party. Only Louisiana has a blanket primary for state & local races.
*Electoral fusion – parties nominate same candidate
*Cross-over voting – Dem voting in Rep primary and vice versa
Incumbent – person in office