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Figurative Language . Similes, Metaphors, Hyperbole, Personification, Onomatopoeia, Idiom, Alliteration. You will need to: understand, identify, and use figurative language in your writing. Figurative Language. A writer ’ s tool

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Figurative language

Figurative Language

Similes, Metaphors,


Personification, Onomatopoeia, Idiom, Alliteration

Figurative language

You will need to:

understand, identify, anduse

figurative language in your writing.

Figurative language1
Figurative Language

  • A writer’s tool

  • It helps the reader to visualize (see) what the writer is thinking.

  • It puts a picture in the reader’s mind.

“In a pickle”

Figurative vs literal
Figurative vs. Literal

To understand

figurative language

one has to understand the difference between


and literal

Figurative language

To be literal is to mean what you say.

For example:

My meaning is exactly what I say.

If I tell you to sit down

I mean it literally: “sit down,” as in: “sit in your seat now, please.”

Figurative language

Here’s another example.

I’m tired and going home.

I mean exactly what I say.

This means “I’m tired and I’m going

home” there is no other meaning

other than what is said.

Figurative language

To be figurative is to not mean what you say but imply something else.

I’m not suggesting we get into the freezer.

For example:

If I tell you: “Let’s go chill!”

Figurative language

let’s go chill” …

It has nothing

to do with temperature.

…means let’s relax together and do something fun.

Figurative vs literal1
Figurative vs. Literal


Think of it this way:

Literal as real

Figurative as imaginary


A simile is a figurative language

technique where a comparison

is made using like or as.

Examples of similes:

  • She is like a rainy day.

  • He is as busy as a bee.

  • They are like two peas in a pod.

Figurative language

From the movie Shrek

From the movie Shrek



A poeticcomparison that does notuse the words like or as.

Examples of metaphors:

She is a graceful swan.

He is a golden god.

They are honey from the honeycomb.

Figurative language

Brian was a wall, bouncing every tennis ball back over the net.

This metaphor compares Brian to a wall because __________.

a. He was very strong. b. He was very tall. c. He kept returning the balls. d. His body was made of cells.

Figurative language

The poor rat didn net.’t have a chance. Our old cat, a bolt of lightning, caught his prey.

The cat was compared to a bolt of lightning because he was _______.

a. very fast b. very bright

c. not fond of fleas d. very old

Hyperbole net.

  • Is when one exaggerates.

  • We use hyperbole all the time when we want to impress or stress.

Hyperbole net.

Hyperbole example:

I told you a million times.

I don’t mind repeating myself, but a million times? That’s a lot.

Hyperbole net.

Hyperbole example:

  • I ate a thousand pounds of pasta.

    A thousand pounds is also known as half a ton. This person must be really obese.

Hyperbole net.

Hyperbole example:

  • We have a ton of work.

    A ton is a lot of work. A ton is also 2000 pounds.

Personification net.

Personification is a figurative language technique in which human characteristics are given to nonhuman things.

Personification net.

Example of personification:

The leaves danced in the wind.

The heat ripped the breath from her lungs.

Personification net.

Examples of Personification:

Hunger sat shivering on the road .

Flowers danced about the lawn.

Personification net.


  • The sleeping water reflected the evening sky.

  • Humidity breathed in the girl's face and ran its greasy fingers through her hair.

  • When I fell into the river, the icy waters reached around me.

Onomatopoeia net.

  • the formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named (e.g., cuckoo, sizzle ).

Idioms net.

  • Idioms are phrases which people use in everyday language which do not make sense literally, but we understand what they mean.

Food for thought these idioms are all about food can you explain what they really mean
Food for thought net.These idioms are all about food. Can you explain what they really mean?

  • Selling like hot cakes

  • Going bananas

Alliteration net.

  • Probably the easiest of all the figurative language techniques.

  • series of words in a row (or close to a row) have the same first consonant sound

  • Peter Piper picked a peck of pickle peppers

Katy perry s roar has several examples of figurative language
Katy Perry net.’s Roar has several examples of figurative language

With your partner, using the lyrics sheet you have in front of you,

highlight & label the figurative language.

When you finish finding AT LEAST 5, use those 5 in a narrative paragraph.

Your paragraph should be AT LEAST 10 sentences.

You can pick any topic.

If you finish today, turn it in.

If you don’t finish today in class, it’s home-fun (woo-hoo).

Resources: net.