Chapter 2. The Rise & fall of the Roman empire. Romulus and Remus. Mythical version: *Romulus and Remus – twin sons of the god Mars and a Latin princess *Abandoned and cared for by she-wolf *Romulus kills Remus; becomes 1 st king of Rome Historical version:
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*Romulus and Remus – twin sons of the god Mars
and a Latin princess
*Abandoned and cared for by she-wolf
*Romulus kills Remus; becomes 1st king of Rome
*Latins settled on Palatine around 1200 B.C.
*Etruscans rule Rome (Latins) from 800-500 B.C.
*Romans overthrow Etruscan leaders and set
up a Republic in 509 B.C.Rome’s Beginnings:Romulus and Remus
City-state Carthage ruled much of North Africa, Spain, & Sicily
Roman conflict with Carthage started the Punic Wars
Romans fought Carthaginians for control of Mediterranean Sea
Hannibal defeated in 2nd Punic War; Carthage lost all its territories to Romans
By 146 B.C., Rome was the leading power of the Mediterranean SeaExpansion of the roman republic
*gap grows between rich & poor
*large estates replaced small farms
*cities become crowded
*conquered Britain, Libya, Egypt, Syria & Asia Minor
*Caesar assassinated by those who opposed his
dictatorshipFinal Years of the Roman Republic:Julius Caesar
After Caesar’s death, civil war breaks out between Mark Antony and Octavian
Octavian wins naval battle at Actium 31 B.C.
Octavian becomes absolute ruler of Rome = given the title “Augustus” (honored)
Augustus ends expansion of the Empire at its defensible boundaries
“PaxRomana” = a time of peace & unity for the EmpireThe Roman Empire: Cleopatra’s death
Trajan, last great conqueror, establishes 4 new provinces
Empire reaches greatest height under Trajan in A.D. 117
After A.D. 186, civil war breaks out in the Empire and emperors lose control
Rome’s size difficult to manage; Diocletian divides it in two
Constantine emerges as leader in A.D. 312 – moves capital to Constantinople & legalizes ChristianityThe Roman Empire: Gladitorial Games
In the mythical version of the founding of Rome, who was the first king of Rome?
In the historical version of the founding of Rome, what group settled on the Palatine in 1200 B.C.?
What is the conflict between the Romans and the Carthaginians called?
What famous Carthaginian general was defeated in the 2nd Punic War?The Quiz
6. Name two places conquered by Julius Caesar.
7. How did Julius Caesar’s reign come to an end?
8. Who was victorious at Actium in 31 B.C.?
9. What title was Octavian given when he became the absolute ruler of Rome?
10. What does“PaxRomana” mean?The Quiz
12. Which emperor is considered the last great conqueror?
13. Who divided the empire to make it more manageable?
14. Which emperor legalized Christianity?
15. Give one possible reason for the collapse of the Roman Empire.The Quiz