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Spread of Protestantism. James Hyett & Andrew Dicker. Zwinglian Reformation. Ulrich Zwingli, preaching caused unrest, 1523 a public debate was held; Zwingli’s preaching finally declared the correct interpretation “A church without the magistrate is mutilated and incomplete”

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spread of protestantism

Spread of Protestantism

James Hyett& Andrew Dicker

zwinglian reformation
Zwinglian Reformation
  • Ulrich Zwingli, preaching caused unrest, 1523 a public debate was held; Zwingli’s preaching finally declared the correct interpretation
  • “A church without the magistrate is mutilated and incomplete”
  • “The images are not to be endured; for all that God has forbidden, there can be no compromise”
  • Soon spread to other cities in Switzerland c. 1530
anabaptists
Anabaptists
  • Expelled from Zürich 1523, too frightening for Zwinglians
  • Beliefs: adult baptism, pacifism*,
  • Spread throughout southern Germany, Austrian Habsburg lands, Switzerland
  • Anabaptist uprising c. 1530s Münster, became hub of Melchiorite millenarianism (Münster is new Jerusalem, Armageddon at hand, drove out unbelievers; ultimately defeated)
calvinism
Calvinism
  • John Calvin 1533 suffered religious crisis, had to flee Paris, to Basel (Switzerland)
  • Institutes of the Christian Religion published in 1536
  • Ideas: very close to Luther, emphasis on the absolute sovereignty of god, predestination to be saved (caused late Calvinists to believe they were doing God’s Work)
  • Calvinism became the “militant international form of Protestantism
henry viii act of supremacy
Henry VIII (Act of Supremacy)
  • Henry wanted to divorce his first wife, because she hadn’t given him a son; he had also fallen in love with Anne Boleyn
  • Henry dismissed his Rome-appointed cardinal, cut off all papal authority over England, making the king “taken, accepted, and reputed the only supreme head on earth of the Church of England”
  • Treason Act: making it punishable by death to deny that the king was the supreme head of the church
presbytarianism
Presbytarianism
  • Based off of the ideas of Calvinism, and also the work of John Knox, who studied with Calvin and brought his work to Scotland
  • Very structured, court of elders, Books of Order, great importance in education and lifelong learning
  • Popular mostly on the British Isles (spread from Scotland)