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Spread of Protestantism. Anabaptists. Characteristics Voluntary association of believers with no connection or allegiance to any state No childhood baptism Believed end of the world was near Rejected idea of Trinity. John of Leyden. Anabaptist who took control of the German city of Munster

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Spread of Protestantism


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anabaptists
Anabaptists
  • Characteristics
    • Voluntary association of believers with no connection or allegiance to any state
    • No childhood baptism
    • Believed end of the world was near
    • Rejected idea of Trinity
john of leyden
John of Leyden
  • Anabaptist who took control of the German city of Munster
  • Polygamy was instituted
  • All books except the Bible were burned
  • Began killing some Lutherans and Catholics
  • Tragedy at Munster
    • Armies of Catholic and Protestant forces captured city and executed Anabaptist leaders
impact of anabaptists
Impact of Anabaptists
  • Mennonites
    • Founded by Menno Simmons
    • Emphasized pacifism
  • Quakers
    • Similar beliefs of Mennonites, mostly in England
  • Unitarians
    • Reject the Trinity
ulrich zwingli
Ulrich Zwingli
  • Swiss Reformation
  • Believed Bible should be the sole authority
  • Saw the Eucharist (Lord’s Supper) as symbolic, disagreeing with Luther
  • Split from Luther in 1529
calvinism
Calvinism
  • John Calvin
    • Influenced by humanism
    • Exiled to Switzerland due to his reform
  • Institutes of the Christian Religion
    • Calvin’s foundational work for Calvinism
    • Predestination
      • “Good works” is not sufficient
      • No free will since God already knows
calvinism1
Calvinism
  • Geneva became home to Protestant exiles
  • Calvinists emphasized the importance of hard work and accompanying financial success as a sign that God was pleased
impact of calvinism
Impact of Calvinism
  • Presbyterianism
    • Established by John Knox
    • Became dominant religion of Scotland
  • Huguenots
    • French Calvinists, dealt with social classes
  • Dutch Reformed Church
    • Netherlands, set stage for revolt against the king
  • Puritans
    • England, established colonies in America (NE, Mass, Conn)