World War I. Life on the Home Front. Vocabulary war bonds: a low interest loan by civilians to the government, meant to be paid in a number of years propaganda: an opinion expressed for the purpose of influencing the actions of others
Life on the Home Front
Mobilizing for War
Boy Scouts helped sell war bonds
People rolled bandages, collected tin cans, paper toothpaste tubes, and apricot pits.
They knitted socks, sweaters and sewed hospital gowns.
Propaganda and the Committee on Public Information
Patriotic movie during this time
Four Minute Men – volunteers to speak in public places in support of the war effort.
sauerkraut - liberty cabbage
Changed German names
German Shepard - police dogs
Schenck v. United States
Espionage Act and Sedition Act
Eugene Debs - 10 years in jail for saying the war was fought by poor people so wealthy business owners could make money
Many African Americans left the South to escape bigotry, poverty, and racial violence.
Three most common destinations during the Great Migration
They worked in steel mills, ammunition factories, and on assembly lines. They also held jobs as streetcar conductors and elevator operators
1. What were three ways American families could contribute to the war effort?
Three ways American families could contribute to the war effort were by purchasing war bonds, planting victory gardens, and sewing clothes for soldiers
2. What was the purpose of the Espionage and Sedition Act? What groups were most affected by them?
The purpose of the Espionage and Sedition Acts was to keep people from undermining the war effort. The groups most affected by these laws were the pacifists, socialists, and other war critics.
3. What kind of job opportunities did the war create for women and minorities?
The job opportunities the war created for women and minorities were jobs in factories that made war materials and in jobs previously held by men.