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World War I. Life on the Home Front. Vocabulary war bonds: a low interest loan by civilians to the government, meant to be paid in a number of years propaganda: an opinion expressed for the purpose of influencing the actions of others

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world war i

World War I

Life on the Home Front

slide2

Vocabulary

  • war bonds: a low interest loan by civilians to the government, meant to be paid in a number of years
  • propaganda: an opinion expressed for the purpose of influencing the actions of others
  • Espionage Act: passed in 1917, this law set heavy fines and long prison terms for those who engaged in antiwar activities and for encouraging draft resisters
  • Sedition Act: a 1918 law that made it illegal to criticize the war; it set heavy fines and long prison terms for those who engaged in antiwar activities
  • Oliver Wendell Holmes: a Supreme Court Justice who believed free speech could be limited during wartime
  • Great Migration: the movement of African Americans between 1910 and 1920 to northern cities from the South
slide3

Used celebrities to sell war bonds

Mobilizing for War

Boy Scouts helped sell war bonds

slide4

People rolled bandages, collected tin cans, paper toothpaste tubes, and apricot pits.

They knitted socks, sweaters and sewed hospital gowns.

slide6

George Creel – Head of the Committee on Public Information

Propaganda and the Committee on Public Information

Patriotic movie during this time

Four Minute Men – volunteers to speak in public places in support of the war effort.

slide8

hamburger - liberty sandwich or Salisbury steak

sauerkraut - liberty cabbage

Intolerance

Changed German names

German Shepard - police dogs

slide9

Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.

Schenck v. United States

Espionage Act and Sedition Act

Eugene Debs - 10 years in jail for saying the war was fought by poor people so wealthy business owners could make money

slide10

Great Migration

Many African Americans left the South to escape bigotry, poverty, and racial violence.

Three most common destinations during the Great Migration

slide11

New Jobs For Women

They worked in steel mills, ammunition factories, and on assembly lines. They also held jobs as streetcar conductors and elevator operators

slide12

Page 292

1. What were three ways American families could contribute to the war effort?

Three ways American families could contribute to the war effort were by purchasing war bonds, planting victory gardens, and sewing clothes for soldiers

2. What was the purpose of the Espionage and Sedition Act? What groups were most affected by them?

The purpose of the Espionage and Sedition Acts was to keep people from undermining the war effort. The groups most affected by these laws were the pacifists, socialists, and other war critics.

3. What kind of job opportunities did the war create for women and minorities?

The job opportunities the war created for women and minorities were jobs in factories that made war materials and in jobs previously held by men.