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Contact with first nations peoples. Social Studies 7 Pages 46-50. Trade With The Mi’kmaq. What qualities make a good trade? What qualities make a bad trade?. Trade With The Mi’kmaq : European Perspective.

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contact with first nations peoples

Contact with first nations peoples

Social Studies 7

Pages 46-50

trade with the mi kmaq
Trade With The Mi’kmaq

What qualities make a good trade?

What qualities make a bad trade?

trade with the mi kmaq european perspective
Trade With The Mi’kmaq: European Perspective
  • Europe had a high demand for the cod found off the coast of the new land they discovered (present day Newfoundland)
  • This high demand made a good and reliable profit for Europe
  • During their interactions in the new land, the Europeans traded goods with the First Nations people.
  • The First Nations people wanted to trade furs with the Europeans, however, Europeans were not always sure of the fur’s value.
trade with the mi kmaq a european perspective
Trade With The Mi’kmaq: A European Perspective
  • Europe had fur-bearing animals of their own and already traded furs with Russia.
  • They were not sure if the new furs from the First Nations people in the new land would be worth a try, if it would cost them too much, or if it would even be profitable.
trade with the mi kmaq a mi kmaq perspective
Trade With The Mi’kmaq: A Mi’kmaq Perspective
  • Trading with the Europeans was viewed as an act of goodwill and respect.
  • When the First Nations people began trading with the Europeans, the most important factor in their minds was relationship building.
  • The Europeans valued the very old beaver furs from the Mi’kmaq. This was because the long outer fur had fallen off, leaving the soft underfur exposed.
  • In Europe, hat makers used this underfur to make felt.
trade with the mi kmaq a mi kmaq perspective1
Trade With The Mi’kmaq: A Mi’kmaq Perspective
  • The Mi’kmaq valued European metal goods.
  • They traded, what they felt were old clothes, for metal knives, axes, pots, kettles and needles.
  • They believed these items were durable (long-lasting)
  • They could now meet their needs with fewer resources and less trouble. (example of technology at that time)
the tragedy of the beothuk
The Tragedy of the Beothuk
  • Lived in Newfoundland and also encountered the European explorers
  • Unlike the Mi’kmaq, did not have a friendly relationship
  • Reasons are scarce because of a lack of written history. Here are a few:
    • Europeans did not question their rights to set up settlements in Newfoundland (imperialism)
    • Settlemtns disturbed traditional hunting and fishing areas
    • Beothuk took European equipment in an attempt to make them leave. This led to conflict.
    • Newfoundland became a British colony and more people arrived, which led to more conflict, loss of food supply, less traditional lands and extinction of Beothuk
tragedy of the beothuck the death of shawnadithit
Tragedy of the Beothuck: The Death of Shawnadithit
  • Initially the British tried to be friendly with the Beothuk, but the Beothuk avoided contact.
  • The British then captured some Beothuk with the intent of giving them gifts and making them messengers of peace.
  • Shawnadithit was one of the captured. Her father drowned trying to save her, her sister and mother from captivity.
  • They were taken to St. John’s, given gifts, then returned
tragedy of the beothuck the death of shawnadithit1
Tragedy of the Beothuck: The Death of Shawnadithit
  • On their return, Shawnadithit’s sister and mother died, so she walked back to St. John’s.
  • William Cormack realized many Beothuk were dying of Tuberculosis. He tried to get an oral history from Shawnadithit but he could not speak her language.
  • Shawnadithitwas the last living Beothuk.