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The Rise of Indian Nationalism. The Indian National Congress. 1885  The Indian National Congress was founded in Bombay. swaraj  “independence.” * the goal of the movement. Rammohun Roy 1773- 1833. ”Father of Modern India” Scholar of Islam, Hindu and Western Culture

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

The

Rise of

Indian

Nationalism

the indian national congress
The Indian National Congress
  • 1885  The Indian National Congress was founded in Bombay.
  • swaraj  “independence.”* the goal of the movement.
rammohun roy 1773 1833
Rammohun Roy 1773- 1833

”Father of Modern India”

Scholar of Islam, Hindu and Western Culture

Monotheist

Admired teachings of Jesus

BrahmoSamaj– Society of the Divine

No image worship

No caste

Universal church open to all

Equality and charity toward others

Elimination of prejudices!

t he arya samaj aryan society
The AryaSamaj(Aryan Society)
  • Inspired by BrahmoSamaj.
  • He did not accept idea that Christianity offered anything for India!
  • Looked back at Vedas
  • Military glory good, Jainism corrupt – why say that?
  • No caste - charity

1824 – 1883

AryaSamaj= Aryan Society, the true foundation of Indian society

Men of superior principles

ramakrishna and the soul of india
Ramakrishna and the Soul of India
  • Late 19th C was an exciting time in India
  • Intellectual activity in Calcutta, Bombay, Madras
  • Universities and news papers; they spoke English, dressed in Western style
  • Traveled in Europe
  • Ramakrishna (1836-1886) was different (why?)
  • Tireless quest for spiritual knowledge
  • Yogic discipline
  • found all religions valid and true in their essence
  • Don’t argue over religion
  • Idols help believers visualize the shore less ocean of God
  • Service to mankind
  • Found Vivekananda to carry this message to rest of the world!
vivekananda 1863 1902
Vivekananda 1863- 1902
  • Chosen by Ramakrishna as Hindu saint
  • Neither West nor India had fully realized itself: must learn from each other
  • Toured the West – need spirituality as well as technology
  • “Spirituality must conquer the West”
  • “They are waiting for it, they are eager for it”
jawaharlal nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru

1889 - 1964

the muslim league
the Muslim League
  • 1905  partition of Bengal based on religions and languages.
  • 1906  creation of the Muslim League.
amritsar massacre 1919
Amritsar Massacre, 1919

379 dead; over 1200 wounded!

gandhi spinning cloth
Gandhi spinning cloth

Indian weaving was ruined by the competition of British machine-made textiles!

slide19

The End

of the Raj:

August 15, 1947

last viceroy of india
Last Viceroy of India

Lord Louis & Lady Edwina Montbatten