The Rise of Nationalism Austria-Hungary By: Roxanne Aichinger & Camille Mandell
Austria-Hungary • Austria-Hungary was a union between monarchies from Austria to Hungary. • The union was a result of the Compromise of 1867 when the Austrian House of Habsburg agreed to share power with the Hungarian government. • The deal was to divide territory of the early Austrian Empire.
History of Austria-Hungary • Austria-Hungary was known as the Dual Monarchy in 1876. • The Dual Monarchy ruled over a wide range of nationalities . • Racially, Austrians were the only Germans, but there were Czechs, Slovaks, Serbs, Croats, Rumanians, and Poles.
Facts • The Capitals were from both Austrian and Hungry including Vienna and Budapest. • The languages in Austria-Hungry were German, Hungarian, Czech, Polish, Ukrainian, Romanian, Croatian, Slovak, Serbian, Slovene, Russian, and Italian. • The Religions were Roman Catholic the official religion, there was also Judaism, and Sunni Islam. • The Commander in Chief was Emperor Franz Josef, then came Franz Conrad.
The Dual Monarchies • The main goal of Austria-Hungry was to gain political control over the Balkan Peninsula. • The main nationalist movements in the Balkans were shown by Serbia. • Serbia wanted to join in the Austro-Hungarian Empire to make themselves larger, resulting in Austria-Hungary’s hate for Serbia from 1871-1914. • The Dual Monarchy lasted for 51 years until 1918.
The Great war • Serbia was intimidating Austria-Hungary after they had gained territory in the Second Balkan War of 1913 causing havoc in the Austro- Hungarian empire. • Members of the Austrian Hungry government such as Conrad Von Hotzendorf wanted to clear up this mess. Austria Hungary therefore presented a list of ten demands called the July Ultimatum. • Serbia did no accept and Austria-Hungary declared war. • From July and August 1914 some of these events that occurred caused the start of World War I. • General Franz Conrad Von Hotzendorf was the chief of Austria Hungary during WWI.
The Fall of Austria-Hungary • After the various battles and WWI Austria-Hungary slowly but surely fell apart also the growth of Nationalism is what tore the empire apart. • This picture was the previous Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Important People • Klemens von Meterniche (1773-1859) • Johann Strauss II (1825-1899) • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) • Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809)
Bibliography • "Austro-Hungary." DSpace. Web. 10 Nov. 2009. <http://dspace.dial.pipex.com/town/parade/abj76/PG/pieces/rise_and_fall_of_the_austro.shtml>. Used this website for the very detailed timeline, and facts about the Empire and it's happenings. • "Nationalism." Thecorner.org. Web. 5 Nov. 2009. <http://www.thecorner.org/hist/wwi/national.htm>. Used this website for information about Nationalism in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. • "Austro-Hungary." Wikipedia.org. Web. 5 Nov. 2009. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Austria-Hungary>. Used this website for the History of the Austro-Hungarian empire, and the important people of the time. • "19th Century." Europe-cities.com. Web. 8 Nov. 2009. <http://www.europe-cities.com/en/727/austria/history/period4/>. Used this website for important dates and the changes in government. • Suite101.com. Web. 7 Nov. 2009. <http://austrian-history.suite101.com/article.cfm/austriahungary>. Used this website for the information about the rise and fall of the empire.