Good AfternoonArt 8 • Catch-up on tickets • Don’t forget the new #5 • GET OUT: • Sketchbook • Moodscapes packet
Good MorningArt 8 Ticket #4:What is Abstraction?
Abstract Artists • Helen Frankenthaler • Paul Klee • Wassily Kandinsky • Joan Miro • Piet Mondrian • Henri Matisse • Frank Stella
Abstract Art • Abstract art uses a visual language of shape, color and line to create a composition which exists independently of visual references to the world. • Non-Objective Subject Matter
Helen Frankenthaler • Born: December 12, 1928 • Nationality: American • Movements: Color Field Painting, Abstract Expressionism, Lyrical Abstraction • The Color Field artists set themselves apart from the Abstract Expressionists because they eliminated the emotional, mythic or the religious content and the highly personal and gestural and painterly application. • Style Characteristics: large areas of a more or less flat single color. Color Field painting is characterized primarily by large fields of flat, solid color, spread across or stained into the canvas
Paul Klee • Lived: 1879 - 1940 • Nationality: Swiss • Style Characteristics: His works reflect his dry humor and his sometimes child-like perspective, his personal moods and beliefs, and his musicality.
Wassily Kandinsky • Lived: 1866-1944 • Nationality: Russian • Credited with painting the first modern abstract works. • "music is the ultimate teacher,” • Style Characteristics: Illustrated music using geometric shapes, lines, and bright colors
Joan Miro • Lived:1893-1983 • Nationality: Spanish • Joan Miro is known for his playful art. His emblematic images make a naive, childlike impression at first sight. In contrast to the image of his art, he was a solid, hard-working man who preferred to come to gallery exhibitions in dark business suits. • Style: Automatic Drawing • Characteristics: Uses formats of stripes, targets, simple geometric patterns and references to landscape imagery and to nature.
Joan Miro • Automatic Drawing: Developed by the surrealists, as a means of expressing the subconscious. • The hand is allowed to move 'randomly' across the paper. In applying chance and accident to mark-making, drawing is to a large extent freed of rational control. • The drawing produced may be attributed in part to the subconscious and may reveal something of the psyche, which would otherwise be repressed.
Piet Mondrian • Birth name: Pieter CornelisMondriaan • Lived: 1872 - 1944 • Nationality : Dutch • Style Characteristics : A precise mathematical grid of vertical and horizontal black lines and the use of the three primary colors.
Henri Matisse • Henri Matisse • Lived: 1869-1954 • Nationality: French • From 1944 to the end of his life, he produced cut-paper collages called gouaches découpés. • He cut shapes from colored paper and pasted them onto fields of white. • These works, which achieve an ultimate blending of Matisse's vibrant color with the energetic flow of his line, are considered by many to be his best.
Frank Stella • Born: May 12, 1936 • Nationality: American • Movement: Modernism, Minimal Art, Abstract Expressionism, Geometric abstraction, Abstract Illusionism, Lyrical Abstraction, Hard-edge painting, Shaped canvas painting, Color field painting • 1970s Stella's style underwent a dramatic change. The carefully constructed geometric designs executed in flat planes of color were replaced by a "looser" style sometimes reminiscent of graffiti