How do men and women speak differently?. Theories of Language and Gender. Aims. To introduce some of the theories about men and women’s use of language. George Keith and John Shuttleworth (1999).
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LAWYER: And you saw, you observed what?
WITNESS: Well, after I heard- I can’t really, I can’t definitely state whether the brakes or the lights came first, but I rotated my head slightly to the right, and looked directly behind Mr. Z, and I saw reflections of lights, and uh, very, very, very instantaneously after that, I heard a very, very loud explosion – from my standpoint of view it would have been an implosion because everything was forced outwards, like this, like a grenade thrown into a room. And, uh, it was, it was terrifically loud.
e.g. women are more supportive in conversation, because they’re brought up to be facilitators (Fishman, 1983)
Gimme the ball! Now!!
Let’s go downstairs and get some pizza..?
In each case, the male characteristic (that is, the one that is judged to be more typically male) comes first.
Critiquing the difference and dominance approaches