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KOREA. WORLD HISTORY. ANCIENT KOREA. NO WRITTEN RECORDS ORGANIZED BY CLANS ANAMISTS—ALL THINGS HAVE A SOUL SUN IS MAIN DEITY. BRONZE AGE. 800-900 BC FARM TOOLS & WAR TOOLS ARE BRONZE RICE CULTIVATION PIT DWELLINGS TOMBS—STONE SLABS. OLD CHOSON (400BC). WALLED TOWNS

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KOREA


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    Presentation Transcript
    1. KOREA WORLD HISTORY

    2. ANCIENT KOREA • NO WRITTEN RECORDS • ORGANIZED BY CLANS • ANAMISTS—ALL THINGS HAVE A SOUL • SUN IS MAIN DEITY

    3. BRONZE AGE • 800-900 BC • FARM TOOLS & WAR TOOLS ARE BRONZE • RICE CULTIVATION • PIT DWELLINGS • TOMBS—STONE SLABS

    4. OLD CHOSON (400BC) • WALLED TOWNS • CONFEDERATION OF TOWNS • PYONGYANG • IRON • ABOVE GROUND HOMES—UNDER FLOOR HEATING • CHINA HAS ECONOMIC INFLUENCE

    5. TWO KINGDOMS (100BC-100AD) • KOGUYRO—ALONG YALU RIVER, OFTEN AT WAR WITH CHINA • CHIN HAN—IN THE SOUTH, TAEGA (CLAN LEADERS) RULE • KING GETS POWER OVER TAEGA • FEW SIMPLE LAWS • ANCESTOR WORSHIP

    6. THREE KINGDOMS • KOGUYRO—GREW, KING BY INHERITANCE • PAEKCHE—TAEGA RULES, CONQUER SOME OF KOGUYRO • SILLA—MADE BY ALLIANCES • ALL THREE: • QUEENS FROM SAME CLAN • BUDDHISM INTRODUCED • MILITARY TOP OF SOCIETY • CHINA IS A THREAT, ALSO ALLY

    7. HANGUL DEVELOPED

    8. THREE KINGDOMS PERIOD ENDS SILLA—ALLIANCE WITH T’ANG AGAINST PAEKCHE KOGURYO IS DEFEATED SILLA RULED BY KOGURYO NOBLES (KIM FAMILY)—RESISTS CHINESE DOMINATION BUDDHIST-CONFUCIANIST CONFLICTS 890—MANY LOCAL REVOLTS

    9. KORYO • KORYO DOMINATES • CONFUCIANISM—MAIN IDEA • KOREAN GEOMANCY • ZEN BUDDHISM ACCEPTED • MILITARY IS HEREDITARY • LAND=WEALTH • SOCIAL CLASSES • SUPERIOR CERAMIC WARE

    10. KORYO CERAMICS

    11. MONGOL INVASION • SAME TIME AS YUAN DYNASTY IN CHINA • DESTROYED FIELDS, REDUCING FOOD SUPPLY • PEASANTS LOST HOPE • KORYO KINGS INTERMARRIED WITH MONGOL PRINCESSES

    12. NEW CHOSON DYNASTY • YI SONG-GUE DEFEATED LAST KORYO KING • LAND REFORM • CAPITOL MOVED TO SEOUL • CONFUCIANISM REVIVED • FRIENDLY WITH MING, TRADE WITH JAPAN • HANGUL FULLY DEVELOPED—MANY BOOKS TRANSLATED TO HANGUL

    13. NEW CHOSON DYNASTY • MANY NEW INVENTIONS & INNOVATIONS • BUDDHISM IS REPRESSED • YANG BAN (CONFUCIAN SCHOLLARS) GREW WEALTHIER—DIVIDED AS NEW YANG BAN WORKED IN RURAL AREAS

    14. JAPANESE INVASION 1592 “TURTLE SHIPS” OF KOREAN NAVY CONTROL SEAS GUERILLA KOREAN ARMIES FIGHT JAPAN JAPAN IS FINALLY DEFEATED AND LEAVES KOREA (1598)

    15. JAPANESE INVASION 1592 • KOREA HAD BEEN DEVESTATED • MING CHINA (AN ALLY) WAS ALSO WEAKENED • JAPAN WAS INFLUENCED BY CONFUCIANISM • KOREAN PRISONERS TAUGHT JAPAN CERAMICS

    16. CATHOLICISM • CATHOLIC MISSIONARIES ENTERED KOREA FROM MING CHINA • “WESTERN LEARNING” WAS STUDIED FOR SECULAR, NOT RELIGIOUS REASONS • FOLLOWERS WISHED TO REFORM KOREA • “CATHOLIC PERSECUTION” 1801

    17. JAPANESE INFLUENCE JAPAN FORCED KOREA TO OPEN THREE PORTS FOR THEIR USE REFORM OF 1894 IS IMPOSED BY JAPAN (INTENDED TO END CLASS STRIFE AND STABILIZE ECONOMY, BUT STRENGTHENED JAPANESE INFLUENCE) BY 1905, KOREA WAS A PROTECTORATE OF JAPAN

    18. “RIGHTEOUS ARMIES” • RIGHTEOUS ARMIES IN KOREA FIGHT JAPAN (1895, 1907-1910) • SUPPORTED BY CONFUCIANS, BUDDHISTS, PROTESTANT CHRISTIANS • ‘WESTERN LEARNING’ WAS POPULAR • JAPAN DEFEATED THEM

    19. MARCH 1ST MOVEMENT • 1919, DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE WRITTEN • BUDDHISTS & PROTESTANTS • JAPAN RESPONDED VIOLENTLY • KOREAN GOVERNMENT IN EXILE • 1942—KOREAN LANGUAGE IS OUTLAWED • ANARCHISTS & COMMUNISTS GAINED SUPPORTERS

    20. MARCH 1ST MOVEMENT • KOREAN FARMERS IMPOVERISHED • JAPAN FORCED KOREAN “COMFORT WOMEN” TO BE WITH JAPANESE ARMY DURING WW2

    21. JAPAN DEFEATED • 1945 THE WAR ENDED WITH JAPAN’S DEFEAT • RUSSIA OCCUPIED N. KOREA, USA OCCUPIED S. KOREA • SYGMAN RHEE WAS MADE DICTATOR OF THE SOUTH • BY 1960, THE PEOPLE DEPOSED HIM, DEMOCRACY FOLLOWED

    22. KOREAN WAR 1951-1953 THE KOREAN WAR (MORE, LATER)