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Korea - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Korea. Location of Korea Republic. Here!!. Republic of Korea. Seoul. 38,368 sq miles. 48,000,000. won. Roh Moo-Hyun President (head of government). 1. Han Duck-Soo prime Minister (head of state) ). 2. 3. 9 provinces, 7 metropolitan cities. 4. Republic (Government). Korean.

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Republic of Korea


38,368 sq miles




Roh Moo-Hyun President (head of government)


Han Duck-Soo prime Minister (head of state))



9 provinces, 7 metropolitan cities


Republic (Government)



Imports and Exports


Imports and Exports - strengths

Well developed

high tech industry

Demand from China,

particularly from cars

World ‘s most

successful shipbuilder


Imports and Exports - weaknesses

High level of indebtedness and vulnerability to international capital movements


Increasingly militant workforce since 1997



State sector a burden on the economy


Strong Competition from Japan, especially as the ten weaknens


Imports and Exports

Iron & Steel













Imports and Exports- economics

Natural Resources : Limited coal, tungsten, iron ore,

limestone, kaolinite, and graphite


Agriculture, including forestry and fisheries: Rice, vegetables, fruit, root crops, barley; cattle, pigs, chickens, milk, and fish


Industry: Types-Electronics and electrical products, telecommunications, motor vehicles,

shipbuilding, mining and manufacturing, petrochemicals, industrial machinery, steel.


Trade: Exports-electronic products, automobiles, machinery

and equipment, steel, ships, petrochemicals.


Imports- crude oil, food, machinery and transportation equipment,

chemicals and chemical products, base metals and articles.




  • World GNP ranking: 13th
  • GNP per capita: 15,000
  • Balance of payments: $6.09bn
  • Unemployment: 4%
  • Gross National Product(GNP): $448bn
  • Inflation 4.5%p.a. (1990-2001)
  • Exchange rates against the US$ over the last year: 1195 South Korean won (1203)

1910 - 45: During its occupation, Japan built up Korea's infrastructure, especially the street and railroad systems. However, the Japanese ruled with an iron fist and attempted to root out all elements of Korean culture from society. People were forced to adopt Japanese names, convert to the Shinto (native Japanese) religion, and were forbidden to use Korean language in schools and business. The Independence Movement on March 1, 1919, was brutally repressed, resulting in the killing of thousands, the maiming and imprisoning of tens of thousands, and destroying of hundreds of churches, temples, schools, and private homes. During World War II, Japan siphoned off more and more of Korea's resources, including its people, to feed its Imperial war machine. Many of the forced laborers were never repatriated to Korea.


1945 - 60: The Japanese surrender on August 15, 1945, cause the peninsula to came under divided rule: the USSR occupied Korea north of the 38th parallel, while the U.S. occupied the southern section. Under UN auspices, a democratic government established the Republic of Korea (South Korea) in 1948 with its capital in Seoul. The Communists established the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) with its capital in P'yongyang. On June 25, 1950, the North Korean Army invaded the South, starting the Korean War. UN forces helped the South while Communist Chinese volunteers sided with the North, resulting in a three year war which left millions dead on both sides. (The Korean War section gives greater detail about this period, including a day-by-day calendar with historical events, diary entries from people who were there, and period photographs.) Student protests against the corrupt government caused Syngman Rhee to step down as president in 1960.


1961 - 79: On May 16, 1961, General Park, Chung Hee organized a military coup and toppled the civilian government. He then established martial law and later had himself elected president. Though his leadership was oppressive, President Park instigated many economic and social changes which helped elevate Korea into and industrializing nation. Major infrastructure enhancements, including the Seoul-Pusan expressway and the Seoul subway system, began under his regime. The Korean CIA chief assassinated President Park on October 26, 1979.


1980 - 87: In the power vacuum left by President Park's death, General Chun, Doo Hwan staged a military coup and seized power on May 17, 1980. After re-establishing martial law, he had himself elected President and banned several hundred former politicians from campaigning. A military crackdown against student protests in the southern city of Kwangju resulted in hundreds of deaths and injuries. Although his rule was more lenient than General Park's, and he adopted many reforms, the Korean people became tired of military rule. Violent student demonstrations in 1987 forced President Chun to implement more social reforms and hold presidential elections in 1988.


1988 - 92: General Noh, Tae-woo, Chun's chosen political successor, won the presidential election. The opposition party failed to field a single candidate, splitting the opposition vote and giving Noh a comfortable win. During his term, President Noh's government established diplomatic relations with many non-capitalist countries, including the People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union, both long-term allies of communist North Korea. The successful hosting of the 1988 Olympic Games brought Korea to the center stage of world recognition.


1992 - 1996:The election of President Kim, Young-sam ushered in a new era of civilian rule. Since taking office he worked hard to reform the widely criticized regulatory system through his "New Economy" and "Globalization" programs. The implementation of the real-name financial transaction act put an end to the easy hiding of hot money. Another 2,000 rules and regulations were abolished or amended during Presdient Kim's term. Despite the many contibutions he made, Kim, Young-sam will probably be remembered most for the dismal economic situation the country was in when he left office.


1997 - present: The election of President Kim, Dae-jung marked the first time an opposition leader has been elected as president in Korea. After failing in four other attempts to win the popular vote, his party joined with the party of Kim, Jong-pil, and riding the population's growing resentment towards the ruling party, gained the narrow majority needed to gain the presidency. His term immediately got off to the rocky start when the former ruling party boycotted the National Assembly session which was to have confirmed President Kim's choice of cabinet and prime minister candidates.



Koreans celebrate the Lunar New Year.

This year it was on February 1st. On this very day the year of the Horse began.

The New Year's greeting is "say hay boke-mahn he pah du say oh".


Simply put is the Western Version of Thanksgiving

During Chu Suk families from all around Korea pack up and head on the road to visit their families ancestral sites.


Memorial services

Memorial services are rituals held by descendants in memory of the deceased. Koreans hold rituals on the anniversary of an ancestor's death, New Year's Day, and Chuseok (Korean Thanksgiving) to express gratitude for their blessings and to pay their respects. The foods prepared for these rituals are not extravagant.

On New Year's Day, tteokguk (rice cake soup) is prepared, and on Chuseok, taro soup and songpyeon are served. The assortment of dishes and their arrangements vary from family to family and according to region. Common offerings include alcoholic beverages, fruit (both fresh and dried), dried beef, and fish. Again, rice cakes are a standard food which are prepared with mung bean powder or husked red bean powder sprinkled on top.


Korea Holidays

  • Children's Day
  • May 5th represents a day of celebration for children, both young and old. Amusements parks, zoos, and national parks become crowded with families enjoying the holiday in the Spring weather.
  • Constitution Day
  • July 17 marks the day in 1948 when the Republic of Korea's Constitution was proclaimed. A day of celebrations and memorials recognizes the cornerstone of the new republic.
  • Liberation Day
  • With the official surrender of Japan to the Allied forces on August 15, 1945, the 35-year colonization of Korea by the Japanese came to an end. August 15, 1948 also marks the establishment of the Republic of Korea.


John Cho – actor; Harold and Kumar Go to White Castle, etc…

Yun jin Kim – actress, the Lost, etc…



Ji sung Park – pro soccer player for Manchester United

Chan-ho Park – pro baseball player for New York Nets

Hines E. Ward – pro football player for Pittsburg Steelers


Kim chi

  • The five cardinal color of East Asian cosmology are found in Kim chi green, red, yellow, black and white.
  • Garlic, ginger, fermented shrimp or anchovies, red peppers, white radish, green onions and other vegetables, all provide color as well as flavor.


Strips of ham, pickled radish, seasonedspinach, and egg are then placed close together on the rice;

it is then carefully rolled together until the roll is evenly shaped. The street vendors usually sell a mini-roll.


Main meat

Bulgogi (불고기): thinly sliced beef marinated in soy sauce, sesame oil, garlic, sugar, green onions and black pepper, cooked on a grill (sometimes at the table). Bulgogi literally means "fire meat". Variations include pork (Dweji bulgogi), chicken (Dak bulgogi), or squid (Ojingeo bulgogi).

Galbi (갈비): pork or beef ribs, cooked on a metal plate over charcoal in the centre of the table. The meat is sliced thicker than bulgogi. It is often called "Korean BBQ", and can be seasoned or unseasoned. A variation using seasoned chicken is called (Dakgalbi).