Korea. One nation, two countries. Geography. “Shrimp between three whales” How has its geography affected Korea?. Artifacts date back 300,000 years ago In the 1200s, Korea was invaded by Mongols. 1910—Japan invades Korea Remained occupied until end of WWII in 1945
One nation, two countries
After WWII, Korea was divided at the 38th parallel. The United States supported the South, which became Democratic. The Soviet Union supported the North, which became Communist.
In 1950, after a number of small skirmishes at the border, war broke out between North and South Korea.
The DMZ is a no-mans land between North and South Korea. It is heavily guarded by North Koreans on one side and Americans and South Koreans on the other.
South Korea’s population is twice as large as that of North Korea, has a 20 to 1 larger economy, and a 98% literacy rate.