New Orleans and Jazz - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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New Orleans and Jazz

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  1. New Orleans and Jazz Port Cities and Culture Syncretism and Jazz Diffusion of Jazz

  2. Port Cities and Culture • New Orleans – birth place of jazz • Cultural crossroads or “melting pot” • New Orleans as a Culture Hearth • Hub of a functional region (Port City) • Cultural Influences • European • French, English, Spanish • African/Caribbean • Cajun vs. Creole (language) • Zydeco music

  3. Birth of Jazz • Jazz and its roots and influences • Europe – Cultivated Music • ( harmony and instrumentation) • Delta & Blues-African influenced Folk Music • rhythm/syncopation • Appalachia & Hillbilly-Anglo Celtic influenced Folk Music • (song and melody) • The Role of Migration

  4. Syncretism and Jazz • Blues and Jazz • 12 bar blues and call and response • Improvisation • Acculturation and Folk Music • Modification of culture • Importance of the dominant culture • Syncretism • Creation of a “new” cultural trait • Jazz as a syncretic music • Religion and syncretism

  5. Diffusion and Jazz • Expansion vs. Relocational Diffusion • Expansion • Contagious • Hierarchical • Relocational • Agents of Diffusion • Jazz and the Riverboat

  6. Tracking the Diffusion of Jazz

  7. Tracking the Diffusion of Jazz

  8. The Hierarchical Diffusion of Jazz • Principal Agent of Diffusion of Early Jazz • Movement from Chicago to New York • Traditional Hierarchical Diffusion • Obstacles to Jazz • NO Jazz and the Red Light District • The Culture of Jazz • Midwest attitudes vs. New York City • NYC and Tin Pan Alley’s reaction