New Orleans The greatest city in Louisiana.
New Orleans is located in southern Louisiana, near the end of the Mississippi River.
Early New Orleans • Louisiana was first discovered by Spanish explorers AlvárezPiñeda in 1519, ÁlvarNúñezCabeza de Vaca in 1528, and once again by Hernando de Soto in 1541. • New Orleans was founded by the French in 1718 as Nouvelle-Orléans and Louisiana became a French Colony. • In 1763, Louisiana was returned to Spanish Rule.
History continued. • Under Spanish rule, New Orleans suffered two disastrous fires. • The first, the great New Orleans fire of 1788, destroyed 856 buildings on good Friday, March 21. • The second destroyed 212 buildings in 1794.
Napoleon sold Louisiana to the United States in 1803 for 15 million dollars.
New Orleans • New Orleans became a state in 1812. • The battle of New Orleans, fought by Andrew Jackson and pirate Jean Lafitte, defeated the British forces on the Mississippi River.
Early New Orleans • New Orleans was an agricultural state, farming mainly cotton and sugarcane. • The Mississippi river made New Orleans the largest port in the United States.
New Orleans • Unfortunately, because of the agriculture, New Orleans became the largest slave port in the US. • The largest slave rebellion in US history took place in New Orleans. 125 slaves revolted. 2 white slave owners where killed, 95 slaves where hung or decapitated.
The Cabildo, the old Spanish town hall, the site of the Louisiana Purchase