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World War II. The Road to War: 1919-1939. The Versailles Treaty. A Weak League of Nations. The Ineffectiveness of the League of Nations. No control of major conflicts. No progress in disarmament. No effective military force. The “Stab-In-The-Back” Theory.

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World War II


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    Presentation Transcript
    1. World War II

    2. The Road to War: 1919-1939

    3. The Versailles Treaty

    4. A Weak League of Nations

    5. The Ineffectiveness of the League of Nations • No control of major conflicts. • No progress in disarmament. • No effective military force.

    6. The “Stab-In-The-Back” Theory German soldiers are dissatisfied.

    7. Decadence of the Weimar Republic

    8. France – False Sense of Security? The MaginotLine

    9. France – False Sense of Security?

    10. International Agreements • Locarno Pact – 1925 • France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy • Guarantee existing frontiers • Establish DMZ 30 miles deep on East bank of Rhine River • Refrain from aggression against each other • Kellogg-Briand Pact – 1928 • Makes war illegal as a tool of diplomacy • No enforcement provisions

    11. The Great Depression

    12. The Manchurian Crisis, 1931

    13. Japan Invades Manchuria, 1931

    14. Italy Attacks Ethiopia, 1935 Emperor Haile Selassie

    15. Germany Invades the RhinelandMarch 7, 1936

    16. U. S. Neutrality Acts:1934, 1935, 1937, 1939

    17. America-First Committee Charles Lindbergh

    18. Rome-Berlin Axis, 1936 The “Pact of Steel”

    19. The Spanish Civil War:1936 - 1939 The National Front[Nationalists] The Popular Front[Republicans] • Anarcho-Syndicalists. • Basques. • Catalans. • Communists. • Marxists. • Republicans. • Socialists. • Carlists [ultra-Catholic monarchists]. • Catholic Church. • Falange [fascist] Party. • Monarchists.

    20. The Spanish Civil War:1936 - 1939

    21. The Spanish Civil War

    22. The Spanish Civil War: 1936 - 1939 The American “Lincoln Brigade”

    23. The Spanish Civil War: 1936 - 1939 Francisco Franco

    24. The Spanish Civil War:A Dress Rehearsal for WW II? Italian troops in Madrid

    25. “Guernica” by Pablo Picasso

    26. The Japanese Invasionof China, 1937

    27. The Austrian Anschluss, 1938

    28. The “Problem” of theSudetenland

    29. Appeasement: The Munich Agreement, 1938 British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain Now we have “peace in our time!” Herr Hitler is a man we can do business with.

    30. Czechoslovakia Becomes Part of the Third Reich: 1939

    31. The Nazi-SovietNon-Aggression Pact, 1939 Foreign Ministers von Ribbentrop & Molotov

    32. The War Begins!

    33. Poland Attacked: Sept. 1, 1939 Blitzkrieg [“Lightening War”]

    34. German Troops March into Warsaw

    35. Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis, 1940 The Tripartite Pact

    36. The European & North African Theaters

    37. European Theater of Operations

    38. The “Phoney War” Ends:Spring, 1940

    39. Dunkirk EvacuatedJune 4, 1940

    40. France SurrendersJune, 1940

    41. A Divided France Henri Petain

    42. The French Resistance The Free French General Charles DeGaulle The Maquis

    43. Now Britain Is All Alone!

    44. U. S. Lend-Lease Act,1941 Great Britain.........................$31 billionSoviet Union..........................$11 billionFrance..................................$3 billionChina..................................$1.5 billionOther European......................$500 millionSouth America.......................$400 millionThe amount totaled: $48,601,365,000

    45. Lend-Lease

    46. Battle of Britain:The “Blitz”

    47. Battle of Britain:The “Blitz”

    48. The London “Tube”:Air Raid Shelters during the Blitz

    49. The Royal Air Force

    50. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill