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The Cold War. The Race to Arms. The Yalta Conference (Feb 1945). What would be done with post war Europe ? The Big Three decide to split Germany into 4 sections . . The Iron Curtain.

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the cold war

The Cold War

The Race to Arms

the yalta conference feb 1945
The Yalta Conference (Feb 1945)
  • What would be done with post war Europe?
  • The Big Three decide to split Germany into 4 sections.
the iron curtain
The Iron Curtain
  • From Stettin in the Balkans, to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent. Behind that line lies the ancient capitals of Central and Eastern Europe.-- Sir Winston Churchill, 1946

Communist domination and oppression

  • This set the tone for the cold war
  • Utilized for resources and political goals
  • Pits West vs East Germany
  • The people under Soviet rule had no rights
  • By 1948, every Eastern European country was under communist control
the truman doctrine 1947
The Truman Doctrine (1947)
  • Strategy of containment against the soviet union and the spread of communism. Funds were allocated to fight the spread of communism.
  • In 1947, the U.S. gave $400 million to Greece and Turkey in order to help them put down communist revolts.
marshal plan 1948
Marshal Plan (1948)
  • American program to aid Europe and help rebuild it after the end of World War II in order to prevent the spread of Soviet Communism.

* The U.S. gave over $12 billion in aid to European countries between 1948 and 1952, helping to improve their economies and lessen the chance of communist revolutions.


Soviet blockade:

East Berlin

West Berlin

East Germany

West Germany

· In June of 1948, the French, British and American zones were joined into the nation of West Germany after the Soviets refused to end their occupation of Germany.


Berlin Air Lift:

· President Truman decided to avoid the blockade by flying in food and other supplies to the needy people of East Berlin.

· At times, over 5,000 tons of supplies arrived daily.


The Arms Race:A “Missile Gap?”

  • The Soviet Union exploded its first A-bomb in 1949.
  • Now there were two nuclear superpowers!

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (1949)

  • Luxemburg
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Portugal
  • 1952: Greece & Turkey
  • 1955: West Germany
  • 1983: Spain
  • United States
  • Belgium
  • Britain
  • Canada
  • Denmark
  • France
  • Iceland
  • Italy

Warsaw Pact (1955)

  • East Germany
  • Hungary
  • Poland
  • Rumania
  • U. S. S. R.
  • Albania
  • Bulgaria
  • Czechoslovakia

· In response, the Soviets cut off West Berlin from the rest of the world with a blockade.

Eventual site of the Berlin Wall

the berlin wall 1961
The Berlin Wall (1961)
  • Separated East Berlin from West Berlin.
  • The Eastern Bloc claimed that the wall was erected to protect its population from fascist elements conspiring to prevent the "will of the people" in building a socialist state in East Germany.

United Nations Goals

  • April 1945 50 delegates meet to adopt a charter.
  • To settle differences peacefully
  • International peacekeeping organization

The Security Council has 15 members-- five permanent members and 10 elected by the General Assembly for two-year terms. The permanent members are:

Great Britain




United States

U.N. - Live Webcast