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The Cold War. The Race to Arms. The Yalta Conference (Feb 1945). What would be done with post war Europe ? The Big Three decide to split Germany into 4 sections . . The Iron Curtain.

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the cold war

The Cold War

The Race to Arms

the yalta conference feb 1945
The Yalta Conference (Feb 1945)
  • What would be done with post war Europe?
  • The Big Three decide to split Germany into 4 sections.
the iron curtain
The Iron Curtain
  • From Stettin in the Balkans, to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent. Behind that line lies the ancient capitals of Central and Eastern Europe.-- Sir Winston Churchill, 1946
slide5

Communist domination and oppression

  • This set the tone for the cold war
  • Utilized for resources and political goals
  • Pits West vs East Germany
  • The people under Soviet rule had no rights
  • By 1948, every Eastern European country was under communist control
the truman doctrine 1947
The Truman Doctrine (1947)
  • Strategy of containment against the soviet union and the spread of communism. Funds were allocated to fight the spread of communism.
  • In 1947, the U.S. gave $400 million to Greece and Turkey in order to help them put down communist revolts.
marshal plan 1948
Marshal Plan (1948)
  • American program to aid Europe and help rebuild it after the end of World War II in order to prevent the spread of Soviet Communism.
slide9

* The U.S. gave over $12 billion in aid to European countries between 1948 and 1952, helping to improve their economies and lessen the chance of communist revolutions.

slide10

Soviet blockade:

East Berlin

West Berlin

East Germany

West Germany

· In June of 1948, the French, British and American zones were joined into the nation of West Germany after the Soviets refused to end their occupation of Germany.

slide12

Berlin Air Lift:

· President Truman decided to avoid the blockade by flying in food and other supplies to the needy people of East Berlin.

· At times, over 5,000 tons of supplies arrived daily.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jqHqsYiUEwY&feature=related

slide13

The Arms Race:A “Missile Gap?”

  • The Soviet Union exploded its first A-bomb in 1949.
  • Now there were two nuclear superpowers!
slide14

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (1949)

  • Luxemburg
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Portugal
  • 1952: Greece & Turkey
  • 1955: West Germany
  • 1983: Spain
  • United States
  • Belgium
  • Britain
  • Canada
  • Denmark
  • France
  • Iceland
  • Italy
slide15

Warsaw Pact (1955)

  • East Germany
  • Hungary
  • Poland
  • Rumania
  • U. S. S. R.
  • Albania
  • Bulgaria
  • Czechoslovakia
slide16

· In response, the Soviets cut off West Berlin from the rest of the world with a blockade.

Eventual site of the Berlin Wall

the berlin wall 1961
The Berlin Wall (1961)
  • Separated East Berlin from West Berlin.
  • The Eastern Bloc claimed that the wall was erected to protect its population from fascist elements conspiring to prevent the "will of the people" in building a socialist state in East Germany.
slide20

United Nations Goals

  • April 1945 50 delegates meet to adopt a charter.
  • To settle differences peacefully
  • International peacekeeping organization
slide21

The Security Council has 15 members-- five permanent members and 10 elected by the General Assembly for two-year terms. The permanent members are:

Great Britain

China

Russia

France

United States

U.N. - Live Webcast