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KENYA. Some History. Early habitation: people from northern Africa moved into the area around 2000 BC Nilotic and Bantu peoples moved into the region, around 1000 AD Arab traders visited the Kenya coast around 100 AD The Portuguese arrived in the 16th century

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Some history
Some History

  • Early habitation: people from northern Africa moved into the area around 2000 BC

  • Nilotic and Bantu peoples moved into the region, around 1000 AD

  • Arab traders visited the Kenya coast around 100 AD

  • The Portuguese arrived in the 16th century

  • Omani domination began around 1698.

  • Swahili, a Bantu language with many Arabic loan words, developed as a lingua franca for trade between peoples.


Kenya

  • United Kingdom established its presence in the 1800s via missionaries.

  • Germany established a protectorate after over the Sultan of Zanzibar's coastal possessions in 1885

  • British East Africa Company took over in 1888

  • Britain and Germany divided the coastal area between them: Kenya to UK, Tanzania ti Germany

  • British government on July 1, 1895 established direct rule

  • Opened (1902) the fertile highlands

    to white settlers

    • construction, started in 1895, of a railroad

      from Mombasa to Lake Victoria


Kenya

  • the Kikuyu people, the most subject to pressure by the settlers, founded in 1921 Kenya's first African political protest movement, the Young Kikuyu Association

  • This was to become the Kenya African Union (KAU), demanding access to land. Jomo Kenyatta became its President In 1947

  • October 1952 - December 1959, a state of emergency due to the Mau Mau uprising

  • Independence on December 12, 1963, with Jomo Kenyatta as President.

Jomo Kenyatta

Mwai Kibaki


Kenya

President RailaOdinga

The Odingas and the Obamas



Basic information on kenya
Basic Information on Kenya

Demographic:

Population: 37.5 million (2007)

Population Growth Rate: 2.8 % per annum

(Doubling every 25 years)

Fertility Rate: 1990: 5.8 children per woman

2007: 5.0 children per woman

1010: 4.9

Life Expectancy: 1990: 57 years

2007: 54 years


Basic information on kenya1
Basic Information on Kenya

Human Development Index:

1975: .466

1985: .535

1995: .544

2005: .521

Rank in World: # 148

Rank in Africa: # 14


Economic indicators
Economic Indicators:

GDP per capita (PPP) in 2005: $1,240

GDP per capita (PPP) Africa: $ 1,998

GDP Growth rate, per capita, 2000-07: - 0.1% p.a.

Arable land: 9.0% of total

Distributional Measures:

Gini Coefficient: .477; (relatively high)

Income share of top 20%: 53.0%

Income share of bottom 20%: 1.8%


Economic indicators1
Economic Indicators:

Exports: $ 4,080 billion;

or about $107. per inhabitant

Manufactured Exports as % of Total:

1995: 28%; 2007: 37%

for Africa: 34%

Development Assistance as % of GDP: 5.3%

for Africa: 5.1%