Welcome. Association of Canadian Community Colleges ECE Affinity Forum 2011. Strengthening Recruitment and Retention in the Sector Joanne Morris, Cindy Page, Cheryl Heywood. CCHRSC: a brief overview Mutually beneficial roles of the ECE and the Administrator
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Welcome Association of Canadian Community Colleges ECE Affinity Forum 2011
Strengthening Recruitment and Retention in the SectorJoanne Morris, Cindy Page, Cheryl Heywood CCHRSC: a brief overview Mutually beneficial roles of the ECE and the Administrator Using Human Resource Tools in the Preparation of ECEs and Administrators 4. Future steps: Discussing the role of colleges in the education of Family Home Child Care Providers and Home Visitors.
1. CCHRSC: An overview RESOURCES CCHRSC RESEARCH • Addresses human Resources issues through: COLLECTIVE APPROACH STRATEGIES
1. CCHRSC: An overview Government Early Childhood Educators CCHRSC WORKS WITH: Post-secondary National/Provincial Child Care & Labour Organizations Employers / Administrators
1. CCHRSC: An overview CCHRSC: Benefit to Canada • 330,000 work in the sector … • helping children develop during the crucial ‘early years’ period and enabling ... • working mothers to contribute $83 Billion to the economy
2. Mutually Beneficial Roles of theECE and the Administrator What we have learned from the research Resources to examine these roles Recruitment and Retention Joanne Morris firstname.lastname@example.org
2. Our Projects Research – What have we learned about our sector? • ECEC workforce is growing • ECEs and assistants increased by 24.9% between 2001 and 2006 • 9.5% growth in numbers of kindergarten teachers • 23.1% more teaching assistants • 24.8% decrease in babysitters, nannies & parent helpers • Despite growth, there is an annual workforce shortage of 5,000
1. CCHRSC: An overview ECEs and Assistants as the Focus • Includes those who work in child care centres and family child care homes • 90,185 in centres • 47,665 in family home child care • 96% are female • Largest group are 20 -34 years in age • 45 years and older rose 10.3%
1. CCHRSC: An overview Post Secondary Education • 67% of ECEs and Assistants have PSE • 40% possess a degree that is not child care or education • More than half of those with ECE diplomas and degrees work outside the sector • 42% of students do not plan to work in the sector in 5 years time.
2. Our Projects Issues • Serious shortage of qualified staff across Canada across the sector • Retention issues resulting in high turnover • Most administrators have not received education in HR management skills. Improved HR management leads to reduced turnover • Although higher wages contribute to retention, job satisfaction such as working conditions, respect and recognition, and higher degree of flexibility matter even more in women-dominated professions.
2. Our Projects Role of the ECE - Issue of Recruitment • Occupational Standards for ECEs clearly describe the core responsibilities • In order to fulfill these, the required knowledge, skills and abilities are detailed • ECEs and Assistants who are educated in child care and education are specialized to work in this sector • Quality of the care and education of the children depends on a qualified workforce • Recruitment strategies should be focused on qualified individuals, therefore increased demands on post-secondary education institutions.
2. Our Projects Recruitment Strategies by Colleges • What are the most effective recruitment strategies that your PSI has implemented? • Are there any government initiatives in your province or territory that are aimed at improving recruitment and retention?
2. Our Projects Role of Administrators • Occupational Standards for Administrators clearly defined the knowledge, skills and abilities needed to be an effective administrator • Several of our research projects found that the majority of administrators lacked specific HR management training beyond the ECE diploma • Forecast that improved HR management would decrease turnover by as much as 20% • Implementing best practices, offering mentoring, and empowering employees would alleviate both recruitment and retention challenges.
2. Our Projects Retention Strategies • Supporting Employers project identified many best practices and resources that are required to support employers/administrators • Has lead to a current HR Tool Kit project • Few positions as supervisors – horizontal promotions provide a sense of opportunity • Reduce job stress with clearly written job descriptions descriptio staff handbooks or manuals, • performance appraisals • More autonomy in decision-making
2. Our Projects Retention Strategies…Enhancing Mutually Beneficial Roles • Encourage loyalty by showing respect for staff who need flexibility in work schedules • Recognize the ECE’s professional role: • Time for program planning • Space for and scheduled breaks • Paid time for courses and professional development • Recognition of value through salary increases, more responsibility in the operation of the centre, title designations with increased credentials • Providing access to professional resources on site
1. CCHRSC: An overview Benefits for the ECE are Benefits for the Administrator. Where do we go from here? • These two roles are mutually beneficial - each need to be knowledgeable and skilled to fulfill their roles effectively. • Administrators - roles as manager, mentor and building relationships with families and community. • ECEs - ensuring a program which is based on children’s development, nurturing towards all children, and supportive of their families. • College ECE programs aim to prepare ECEs in all core areas of competency. • Phase 1 of Curriculum Development for Administrators demonstrated the need and the interest of colleges to address this gap in training.
3. Using Human Resource Tools in the Preparation of ECEs and Administrators Cindy Page email@example.com
Course Design Occupational Standards: moving from provincial to national standards
Practicum Competency-based assessment
Recognized Prior Learning Using the CCHRSC ECE Occupancy Standards in Portfolio Development
SAFeWay Suggested Format for Providing Evidence for Competencies S = Statement A = Amplify F = Few Examples W = Wrap Up Institutions Branch Saskatchewan Learning (2005). Recognizing Prior Learning: A Journey of Self Discovery Facilitators Guide to Reflection and Portfolio Development
Tools in Action… First Year/ Second Year Reflect & Rate Student Practice In Administration course, review regularly Job Description Development (How To Guide) Create a job description Evaluate/revise a current job description Centre Evaluation PSI ECEC Program Assessment (How To Guide) Recognized Prior Learning Credit Practicum Demonstration
Tools in Action… (cont.) Child Care Human Resources Sector Council Website www.ccsc-cssge.ca/english HR Tools Non-Profit Management Sector www.hrvs-rhsbc.ca/hr-toolkit/home.cfm CCHRSC HR Tool Kit (coming soon) Research ECEC Training Programs in Canada Profiles (soon to be updated with videos of ECE and Administrators Credible ECEC Research People, Programs and Practices: A Training Stragegy for the ECEC Sector in Canada
4. What is the role of colleges in the education of family child care providers and home visitors? Cheryl Heywood firstname.lastname@example.org
1. CCHRSC: An overview Snapshot of Ontario • April 2010- Family child care as part of the continuum of child care services was transferred to the Ministry of Education • Last phase of the child care transfer-responsibility of licensing will be moved the Child Care Quality Assurance and Licensing Branch of the MOE effective January 2012 • Ministry of Education expects all ECEs and providers to be implementing the ELECT curriculum framework • In Ottawa - Algonquin College and La CitéCollégiale worked with a Community Working Group to support the broad implementation of ELECT. • College instructors facilitated the community training to over 600 people across the sector.
1. CCHRSC: An overview Agency model in Ontario • Home visitors are typically employees of licensed home child care agencies • Agencies organize the work based on a social work model i.e. caseloads, clients • Family child care providers are affiliated with agencies. They are independent contractors and are not employees • Language continues to be a challenge for this part of the sector, i.e. home visitor or child care advisor/consultant; caregiver or provider; family child care or home child care…
1. CCHRSC: An overview Family Child Care A Unique and Complex Environment “What I learned from observing children in homes after our many months of observing them in centers was that homes provide a unique physical setting where children learn in a very immediate and practical way how the world works. I also learned that the logic of homes has a different twist. The daily lesson plan for a home is how to weave all the events, both anticipated and unexpected, into a meaningful pattern. The actual pieces may seem totally random; how the cookie dough behaves compared to mud, the Eiffel tower as a backyard building project, the neighbour dropping in to complain about her lilacs not blooming, how to keep the 18 month old out of the block play, what to have for lunch. Homes are very rich, complex environments and they offer experiences that help children develop emotional intelligence, creative problem solving, and hopefully, a sense of humour about life’s unpredictability” Sue Williamson (NAFCC President)
1. CCHRSC: An overview Skills Needed to be a Home Visitor • Interpersonal skills to work with adults • Training skills to deliver workshops and on-site training for providers • Skills to undertake home visits • Managing a caseload-comparable to operating a centre • Supervisory skills – coaching providers • Precise, clear , and objective recording skills • Techniques for interviewing (home openings, parent meetings) • Conflict resolution • Ethics training • Knowledge of community resources and working with community partners • Cross-cultural competency
1. CCHRSC: An overview Training for Child Care Providers • Agencies provide on-site training, workshops, basic training • Now training will be based on the principles of the ELECT curriculum framework • National Family Child Care training program outlines core competencies for providers • OS for ECEs and OS for Administrators also contain skills, abilities and core knowledge which can act as a guide for training • Recognizing providers’ experiential knowledge, education, and cultural backgrounds must be part of their training.
1. CCHRSC: An overview How can colleges support training in home child care? • How could colleges be involved in the provision of education and training to home visitors and providers? • What level of training is needed for home visitors and providers that aligns with the reality of the work? • Is the current ECE training appropriate for home child care providers? Why or why not? • How do we facilitate training so that providers will and seek further education and stay in the regulated system?
1. CCHRSC: An overview Human Resource Needs in Family Child Care • Managers of agencies may not have the skills to address HR needs of home visitors and providers effectively. • OS for Administrators excellent starting point • SC “How to” guide makes it possible for the development of HR tools such as job descriptions, performance evaluations • Smaller agencies may not have an HR manual: policies and practices • Professional development opportunities for home visitors • Providers – no standardized required training, no professional recognition
Next Steps 2. Our Projects Bring FCC training issues to college advisory committees Advocate for standardized and required education for providers Recognize the gifts of knowledge that providers bring to the field in a meaningful and interactive way Come to the HCCAO conference next year in Ottawa to continue the conversation
4. Moving Forward How to get involved • ECE Faculty PSI LinkedIn group • CCHRSC LinkedIn group • Sign up for our bulletin/e-bulletin • CCHRSC: www.ccsc-cssge.ca/english/ • ECE Affinity Groupwww.accc.ca/networking
4. Moving Forward Thank you…