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World War I. Major Battles U.S. Entry in the War. War of Attrition. A slow wearing down of the enemy An attempt to “bleed” the other side until they are incapable or unwilling to continue the fight Both sides try to outlast the other. Tannenberg. August 1914: Tannenberg Eastern Front

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world war i

World War I

Major Battles

U.S. Entry in the War

war of attrition
War of Attrition
  • A slow wearing down of the enemy
  • An attempt to “bleed” the other side until they are incapable or unwilling to continue the fight
  • Both sides try to outlast the other
tannenberg
Tannenberg
  • August 1914: Tannenberg
    • Eastern Front
    • Russians defeated by Germans in Eastern Germany
gallipoli
Gallipoli
  • April 1915
  • Great Britain attempts to take control of the entrance to the Black Sea controlled by the Turks
    • Mainly Australians fighting for British
gallipoli1
Gallipoli
  • British are unsuccessful
  • 145,000 British causalities
battle of jutland
Battle of Jutland
  • May 1916
  • Naval Battle between British and German forces
  • Germany tried to break through the British blockade on Germany
  • British victory
battle of verdun
Battle of Verdun
  • Dec. 1916
  • Western Front
  • German attempt to “bleed’ France by attacking the French city Verdun
  • France holds city
  • German 330,000
  • French 350,000
battle of the somme
Battle of the Somme
  • July 1916
  • Western Front
  • British suffer huge losses in an unsuccessful attempt to break the stalemate
    • 19,000 British soldiers killed in the first day of the battle
    • 40,000 British soldiers wounded
the russian collapse
The Russian Collapse
  • Russia pulls out of the war in Oct. 1917
    • Eastern Front
    • 2,000,000 Russians had been killed in the war
  • Overthrow of the Russian Czar
    • Communist revolution in led by Vladimir Lenin
    • Czar Nicholas II is overthrown
  • Russian soldiers began desert the army
  • War on the Eastern Front ends
russia pulls out of the war
Russia Pulls Out of the War
  • October 1917
  • Civil War breaks out in Russia
    • White army (loyal to the czar) vs. the Red Army (communists)
    • Communists led by Lenin and Trotsky win
u s troops arrive in france
U.S. Troops Arrive in France
  • June 1918
  • Germany had just begun a new offensive
  • American Expeditionary Force led by Gen. Pershing
  • Americans stop the German offensive at the Marne River in July 1918
  • American victories at Verdun and Argonne Forest push Germans back to German border
    • Germans faced with invasion of Germany
armistice
Armistice
  • Germans ask for an end to the fighting on October 14, 1918
  • Armistice takes effect at 11:00 a.m. on November 11, 1918
    • 11th hour of the 11 month of the 11 day
    • Veteran’s Day
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