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Private Standards and Market Access: A Mapping Exercise in the Textiles and Apparel Sector NORAD/UNIDO Project on Privat PowerPoint Presentation
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Private Standards and Market Access: A Mapping Exercise in the Textiles and Apparel Sector NORAD/UNIDO Project on Private Standards ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE COMMITTEE ON TRADE Working Party on Regulatory Cooperation and Standardization Policies Seventeenth session, Panel Session 3

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Private Standards and Market Access: A Mapping Exercise in the Textiles andApparel SectorNORAD/UNIDO Project on Private Standards

ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE

COMMITTEE ON TRADE

Working Party on Regulatory Cooperation and

Standardization Policies

Seventeenth session, Panel Session 3

Geneva, 3-4 November 2008

Müge Dolun

where do we stand
Where do we stand?
  • Private sector was always the driving force behind standardization
  • But there is still a number of definitions used for what a private standard is
  • Literature survey identifies two main strings: on food sector (not just FSMS); “green” and “blue” standards
  • Less information on other sectors, market prevalence of schemes, what they entail
  • Still less information on how to implement – proprietary information for commercial use
rationale
Rationale
  • Lessons learned from technical assistance projects
  • Emerging needs of developing country exporters for practical information
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The private sector is in the driving seat…

  • Private standards dictated by TNCs and international supply chains are becoming important barriers to trade.
    • The relationship between private-sector standards developers and the public sector has been strengthening.
    • Private standards allow TNCs and major retailers to differentiate themselves in the marketplace, and control/rationalise their suppliers, gaining a competitive advantage.
    • They cannot be easily tackled as part of multilateral trade negotiations in the present setting.
  • In terms of technical cooperation for capacity building, working with lead firms in international supply chains is critical but remains a challenge
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Objective

  • A practical ‘guidebook’ to emerging private standards to help developing country manufacturers and suppliers to respond to the growing importance of compliance with private standards in export markets.
  • An assessment of implications of emerging private standards vis-à-vis other barriers to trade
  • Identification of venues of more effective cooperation with leading private sector firms and more focused formulation of technical assistance projects
market access and standards
Mandatory requirements/ Technical regulations

Voluntary standards:

International Standards

Consortia/Association standards

NGO standards

Company standards/codes of conduct

Market access and standards

Quality specifications

Test methods

Social Accountability

Environmental Management

Management System

components of the methodology
Components of the methodology

Value-chain approach

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H&M

Two sets of requirements: Labor

Environmental (list of restricted substances Member of AFIRM

Easy access to the documents that are available in 21 languages

No indication on how to apply to the scheme.

Declared program to promote and increase the use of organic cotton

Source: UNIDO background paper (Pierre Hauselmann, Pi Consulting 2008)

way forward conclusions of the 1 st egm
Way forwardConclusions of the 1st EGM
  • The study will concentrate developing the methodology only in the textile sector, to be applied to other manufacturing sectors.
  • At the moment this pilot survey among garment exporters in Turkey is being initiated. Substantive support of the Textile Exporters Association and the Chamber of Commerce is being discussed.
  • While it is clear that the current project financed by Norad and implemented by UNIDO will result in a practical inventory, the development, dissemination and updating of such information will require strong partnerships with other organizations especially with ITC, TSWG, UNCTAD, UNECE, UNDP and ISEAL project, Sippo, CBI and the Federation of Norwegian Commercial and Service Enterprises (HSH).
thank you
Thank you!
  • For questions and comments:
  • Müge Dolun
  • Associate Industrial Development Officer
  • Trade Capacity Building Branch
  • UNIDO
  • E-mail: U.Dolun@unido.org
  • Tel: +43 1 26026 3035
  • Website: http://www.unido.org/index.php?id=5815