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20 th Century American Music The 1960’s. E.J. Russell Elementary School 5 th Grade Music Mrs. Sandor. Elements of Music. LAUNDRY LIST. 1. Melody 2. Harmony 3. Rhythm 4. Form 5. Style 6. Mood 7. Timbre: Instrumentation / Vocal 8. Tempo 9. Dynamics. LAUNDRY LIST.

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20 th century american music the 1960 s

20th Century American MusicThe 1960’s

E.J. Russell Elementary School 5th Grade Music

Mrs. Sandor

Laundry list

Elements of Music








7. Timbre: Instrumentation / Vocal


9. Dynamics

Laundry list1

Melody: A logical succession of musical tones, also called the tune.

Harmony: Combination of musical notes sounded at the same time.

Rhythm: The patterns of sounds & silences.

Form: The overall plan of a piece of music.

Laundry list2

Style: unique way in which the elements of melody, rhythm, timbre, texture, harmony and form are handled to create a special “sound.”

Mood: state of mind or emotion that is relayed in composed music.

Timbre: Tone color, the unique quality produced by a voice or instrument.

Tempo: Speed of beat

Form: The structure of a musical composition.

Laundry list3

Dynamics:The volume of sound, the loudness, or softness of a musical passage; intensity, power.

1960s history
1960s - HISTORY

Source: Silver Burdett Making Music, pg. 286-288

The 1960s and early 1970s were times of great civil unrest and change. Americans took on the issues of civil rights, the Vietnam War, women's rights, and the environment. Like the Civil War and the Great Depression, the process of social change during this period produced a number of songs, many of which remain popular today.

1960s social issues

Source: Silver Burdett Making Music, pg. 286-288

Social Issues: During the 1960s and early 1970s, there was a rising tide of protest against America's involvement in the Vietnam War. Unlike the popular support for participation in World War II, many Americans felt that the struggle in Vietnam was internal and best left to the Vietnamese to decide.

1960s social issues1

Source: Silver Burdett Making Music, pg. 286-288

Social Issues: Encouraged by African American civil rights gains in the 1950s and 1960s, women expanded the issue of equality to include much more than voting rights. The main concerns of the women's movement from the 1960s to today are for economic, political, and social equality.

1960s facts
1960s - FACTS

John F. Kennedy was a young and charismatic President who was assassinated in 1963.

His Vice President, Lyndon B. Johnson became president, and was reelected the following year.

Source: http://kclibrary.lonestar.edu/decade60.html

1960s history1
1960s - HISTORY

America’s involvement in the Vietnam War started after the United States sent military advisors and then soldiers to prevent communist North Vietnam from overtaking South Vietnam. The Vietnam war ended in 1975.

College students organized anti-war protests and sit-ins on campus.

Source: http://kclibrary.lonestar.edu/decade60.html

1960s history2
1960s - HISTORY

President Johnson chose not to run for re-election. John F. Kennedy's brother, Robert, campaigned for the nomination for President and he, too was killed.

Sources: http://kclibrary.lonestar.edu/decade60.html

1960s history3
1960s - HISTORY

Malcolm X (an African-American human rights activist) was assassinated in 1965. Martin Luther King, Jr., (American clergyman, activist, and prominent leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement) was assassinated in 1968.

Sources: http://kclibrary.lonestar.edu/decade60.html and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_Luther_King,_Jr.

1960s space race
1960s – SPACE RACE

The “Space Race” was begun by the Soviets in 1957, and America continued to compete with them during the 1960s.

Alan Shepard was the first American in space in 1961. In 1963, John Glenn was the first American to orbit the earth. Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin, in Apollo XI, were the first men to walk on the moon in 1969.

Sources: http://kclibrary.lonestar.edu/decade60.html

1960s history4
1960s – HISTORY

Sources: http://kclibrary.lonestar.edu/decade60.html and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ralph_Nader

People became more concerned with their health and their environment. The Sierra Club, which was started in 1892, gained a following in the 1960s as people sought to protect our environment. The consumer movement was started by Ralph Nader. He was concerned about consumer protection, humanitarianism, and environmentalism.

1960s clearwater

Clearwater. Pete Seeger (American folk singer) launched a campaign in 1969 to help clean up the Hudson River in New York. He led a small group of river-lovers to try to change the conditions that were destroying the Hudson. The group wanted to reclaim a neglected and polluted historical natural treasure. So they built a boat, the sloop  Clearwater, and used it as a movable classroom to teach people how to care for our threatened waterways. Source: Silver Burdett Making Music, pg. 286-288

1960s guitar banjo

Pete Seeger and other folk singers often accompany themselves on the guitar or the banjo. These instruments are portable, lightweight, and easy to play.String instruments with frets date to ancient times, but the modern versions of guitars and banjos took shape a few hundred years ago. The modern acoustic guitar, with its six strings and metal tuning pegs, dates from the mid-1800s. Source: Silver Burdett Making Music, pg. 378

1960s guitar banjo1

An African prototype of the banjo was brought to the West by slaves, where it evolved into the banjo we know today. After the Civil War in the United States, the banjo became one of most popular instruments in America, and it became a staple of bluegrass, country, and folk music during the twentieth century. Source: Silver Burdett Making Music, pg. 378

1960s facts1
1960s - FACTS

The 1960s was the decade of youth, as

70 million children from the post-war baby boom became teenagers and young adults.The conservative 1950s gave way to more revolutionary ways of thinking and real change in the cultural fabric of American life in the 1960s.

Source: http://kclibrary.lonestar.edu/decade60.html

1960s facts2
1960s - FACTS

The changes affected education, values, lifestyles, laws, and entertainment.

The Civil Rights movement made great changes in society in the 1960's.  The movement began peacefully, with Martin Luther King and Stokely Carmichael leading sit-ins and peaceful protests, joined by whites and others.

Source: http://kclibrary.lonestar.edu/decade60.html

1960s facts3
1960s - FACTS

In the 1960s, the Life expectancy (how long people were expected to live) was 66.6 years for men, and 73.1 years for women.

(To compare, in 2010, the life expectancy for women is 81.1, and 76.2 for men).

Source: American Cultural History, Lonestar College http://kclibrary.lonestar.edu/decade60.html

1960s facts4
1960s - FACTS

Average Salary: $4,743 (compared with $2,992 in the 1950s.)The minimum wage was $1.00 per hour.

Source: Silver Burdett Making Music, pg. 356 and http://kclibrary.lonestar.edu/decade60.html

1960s art
1960s – ART

Art in America of the 1960s was influenced by the desire to move into the modern age or future which the space age seemed to forecast. Artists wanted to inspire the viewer to leap into the unknown and experience art in their own way. A new artist who appeared was Andy Warhol, a leading name in pop art.

Source: http://kclibrary.lonestar.edu/decade60.html

1960s pop art

Heinz Tomato Ketchup Box, 1964

Campbell's Soup Cans - 1962

Andy Warhol

1960s – POP ART

Source: http://www.warhol.org/collection/aboutandy/biography/factoryyears/1998-1-732/

1960s literature

Literature also reflected what was happening in the political arenas and social issues of America in the sixties.Women like Gwendolyn Brooks, Maya Angelou and Margaret Walker Alexander wrote about race and equality for women.

Source: http://kclibrary.lonestar.edu/decade60.html

1960s music
1960s – MUSIC

In 1960, male vocalists at the top of the charts were: Bobby Darin, Neil Sedaka, Jerry Lee Lewis, Paul Anka, Del Shannon and Frankie Avalon. Motown Records emerged; the company specialized in African American black rhythm and blues.

Source: http://kclibrary.lonestar.edu/decade60.html

1960s famous rockers

Neil Sedaka

Jerry Lee Lewis

Bobby Darin


Source: www.concordmusicgroup.com, www.picgifs.com, www.chuckberry.com

1960s famous rockers1

Elvis Presley

Frankie Avalon

Paul Anka


Source: Various

1960s motown
1960s – MOTOWN

Motown launched female groups such as Gladys Knight and the Pips, Martha and the Vandellas, the Supremes, and Aretha Franklin.They also started the careers of some male African American artists like Smokey Robinson, James Brown, Jimi Hendrix, and the Temptations.

Source: http://kclibrary.lonestar.edu/decade60.html

1960s motown1

The Supremes

Gladys Knightand the Pips

Arethra Franklin

1960s – MOTOWN

Source: http://today.msnbc.msn.com, Various

1960s motown2

Smokey Robinson

The Temptations

James Brown

1960s – MOTOWN

Source: http://today.msnbc.msn.com, Various

1960s famous groups

The Beatles


The Byrds

The Beach Boys

The Martha and the Vandellas

Source: Various

1960s folk music
1960s – FOLK MUSIC

Folk music reached its zenith in the 1960s. Contemporary folk music" is a type of folk music that also includes fusion genres such as folk rock, folk metal, electric folk, and others.Joan Baez’s career got started in 1958 but in the early 1960s, Baez moved into the forefront of the American folk-music revival.

Sources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Folk_music

1960s folk music1
1960s – FOLK MUSIC

Other popular folk music groups included The Highwaymen, The Rooftop Singers, The Seekers, The Byrds, and Peter, Paul and Mary. Judy Collins and Bob Dylan are two famous folk singer/writers.The term "protest music" was often used to characterize folk music with topical political themes that evolved in the mid-1960s.Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Folk_music#Major_performers_who_emerged_from_the_1940s_to_the_early_1960s

1960s fashion
1960s - FASHION

Youth predominated the culture of the 1960's.They swayed the fashion, the fads and the politics of the decade. The skateboard fad was started by California surfers, and took flight in 1963.

Sources: http://kclibrary.lonestar.edu/decade60.html

1960s fashion1
1960s - FASHION

Crew cuts on men and bouffant hairstyles on women were all the fashion in the 1960s. Men's hair became longer and wider, with beards and moustaches. The “British invasion” of the Beatles created another fad.

Sources: http://kclibrary.lonestar.edu/decade60.html

1960s hair styles

Bubble Hairstyle

“Flip” Hairstyle(Mary Tyler Moore)

The Beatles

Source: http://www.imagesforfree.org/ , Various

1960s hair styles1

1960s Mens’ Hairstyle

Crewcuts were Popular for boysand men

1960s Womens’ Hairstyle

Source: http://www.imagesforfree.org, and Various

1960s women s fashion

Source: http://http://www.fashion-era.com

1960s teenage fashion

MW 1964

Sears 1966

Penneys 1968

Source: http://www.fiftiesweb.com/fashion/teen-clothing.htm

1960s teenage fashion1

MW 1967

MW 1967

Source: http://www.fiftiesweb.com/fashion/teen-clothing.htm

1960s teenage fashion2

Spiegel 1969


Source: http://www.fiftiesweb.com/fashion/teen-clothing.htm

1970s hippie fashion

Tie Die Shirts

“Twiggy” British1960s model

Typical HippieDress in 1960s

“Flower Power”


Sources: Various

1960s cars
1960s - CARS

The 1960's saw the American automobile industry consolidating into the Big Three: (General Motors, Ford, and Chrysler) and American Motors.

1964 Rambler

In 1960 American companies built 93 percent of the autos sold in the United States and 48 percent of world sales .

Source: http://www.1960sautomobiles.com/

1960s aviation
1960s - AVIATION

In the early 1960s, the public had become used to jet service for flights over long and even medium distances, such as between New York and Chicago.

Boeing built the 727, a larger and faster jet with three engines, and perfect for both medium- and short-distance routes.

Another major advance was the introduction of the wide-body jets. 

Source: http://www.centennialofflight.gov/essay/Commercial_Aviation/Jet_Era/Tran7.htm

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